BACKGROUND: The behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) strongly resembles primary psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, a bvFTD mimic may occur, without neurodegenerative aetiology. AIM: To offer psychiatrist clinical tools for making or ruling out a bvFTD diagnosis. METHOD: To present the results of the first prospective cohort study on bvFTD patients and primary psychiatric patients. Results are discussed within the context of the international literature. RESULTS: Frontotemporal atrophy on imaging confirms a suspected bvFTD diagnosis. Merely fulfilling the bvFTD clinical criteria, with or without frontotemporal hypometabolism on functional imaging, may also result from primary psychiatric disorders or the bvFTD-phenocopy syndrome. A high level of stereotypy, hyperorality, a low level of depressive symptoms, impaired social cognition or absent insight increases the probability of bvFTD. Biomarker or genetic tests and follow-up are recommended. CONCLUSIONS A bvFTD diagnosis should be made multidisciplinary. Without the confirmation of atrophy or genetics, great reserve in making the diagnosis is in place and careful analyses for psychiatric aetiologies is advised.
|Translated title of the contribution||Frontotemporal dementia diagnoses within the psychiatric practice: pitfalls and practical tools|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie|
|Publication status||Published - May 2021|