Functional abdominal pain disorders in adolescents in Indonesia and their association with family related stress

Hanifah Oswari, Fatima Safira Alatas, Badriul Hegar, William Cheng, Arnesya Pramadyani, Marc Alexander Benninga, Shaman Rajindrajith

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Abstract

Background: Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) have been widely reported as a major group of gastrointestinal disorders across the world. This study describes the prevalence, related factors, symptomatology and its relationship to emotional stress in Indonesian adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Adolescents aged 10 to 17 years from nine randomly selected state schools from five districts of Jakarta, Indonesia, were invited to participate. A translated and validated Rome-III self-administered-questionnaire was used to collect data on gastrointestinal symptoms. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, intestinal as well as extra-intestinal symptoms, and exposure to stressful life events were also collected using a separate validated questionnaire. Results: A total of 1813 questionnaires were included in the analysis [males 739 (40.8%) mean age of 13.54 years + 0.89]. Of them, 209 children (11.5%) fulfilled Rome III criteria of FAPD. Functional abdominal pain (FAP) was reported as the most prevalent subtype (5.8%), followed by functional dyspepsia (3.3%), irritable bowel syndrome (2%) and abdominal migraine (0.4%). The prevalence was higher in girls (p < 0.05) and those exposed to family-related stressful life events (p < 0.05). They include divorce or separation of parents (adjusted OR 2.55, 95% CI 1.75-3.7, p = < 0.001), death of a close family member (adjusted OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.39-3.59, P = 0.001), and father's alcoholism (adjusted OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.22-3.1, P = 0.005). Conclusions: FAPD are common paediatric entities among Indonesian adolescents with a prevalence of 11.5%. FAPD were noted to be higher in girls and adolescents exposed to family-related stressful life events.
Original languageEnglish
Article number342
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

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