Further audiovestibular characterization of DFNB77, caused by deleterious variants in LOXHD1, and investigation into the involvement of Fuchs corneal dystrophy

M. Wesdorp, V. Schreur, A. J. Beynon, J. Oostrik, J. M. van de Kamp, M. W. Elting, M. J. H. van den Boogaard, I. Feenstra, R. J. C. Admiraal, H. P. M. Kunst, C. B. Hoyng, H. Kremer, H. G. Yntema, R. J. E. Pennings, M. Schraders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study focuses on further characterization of the audiovestibular phenotype and on genotype-phenotype correlations of DFNB77, an autosomal recessive type of hearing impairment (HI). DFNB77 is associated with disease-causing variants in LOXHD1, and is genetically and phenotypically highly heterogeneous. Heterozygous deleterious missense variants in LOXHD1 have been associated with late-onset Fuchs corneal dystrophy (FCD). However, up to now screening for FCD of heterozygous carriers in DFNB77 families has not been reported. This study describes the genotype and audiovestibular phenotype of 9 families with DFNB77. In addition, carriers within the families were screened for FCD. Fifteen pathogenic missense and truncating variants were identified, of which 12 were novel. The hearing phenotype showed high inter- and intrafamilial variation in severity and progression. There was no evidence for involvement of the vestibular system. None of the carriers showed (pre-clinical) symptoms of FCD. Our findings expand the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of DFNB77, but a clear correlation between the type or location of the variant and the severity or progression of HI could not be established. We hypothesize that environmental factors or genetic modifiers are responsible for phenotypic differences. No association was found between heterozygous LOXHD1 variants and the occurrence of FCD in carriers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-231
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this