Gadolinium–DTPA–enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the isolated rat heart after ischemia and reperfusion

Albert de Roos*, Ramon W. Mohanlal, Joop J. van Vaals, Anthonie H. Bergman, Joost Doornbos, Niels A.A. Matheijssen, Ernst E. van der Wall, Arnoud van der Larse

*Corresponding author for this work

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de Roos A, Mohanlal RW, van Vaals JJ, et al. Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the isolated rat heart after ischemia and reperfusion. Invest Radiol 1991; 26:1060-1064. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of gad-olinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) to identify myocardial ischemia and reperfusion in the isolated rat heart model. Ischemia was induced by reducing the perfusion pressure from 80 to 30 mm Hg for 2 hours. Hearts were not reperfused, or were reperfused for 20 minutes or for 2 hours. Perfusion was performed with Evans blue dye and/or Gd-DTPA for 3 minutes. Twenty isolated rat hearts were perfused according to the Langendorff method, and divided into five groups according to the perfusion status and the use of Gd-DTPA and/or Evans blue as perfusion markers. The Evans blue distribution in the hearts was assessed by point-counting volumetry. The Gd-DTPA distribution was assessed by magnetic resonance microimaging at 6.3 T field strength. Evans blue staining clearly identified areas with “no flow” or “no reflow.” Perfusion with Gd-DTPA enhanced signal intensity significantly, both in ischemic and reperfused myocardium. Signal intensity in hearts reperfused for 2 hours was increased significantly compared to nonreperfused ischemic hearts, but not to ischemic hearts reperfused for 20 minutes. Magnetic resonance imaging with the aid of Gd-DTPA can identify ischemia and reperfusion in the isolated rat heart, dependent on residual perfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1064
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

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