Gender differences in health-related quality of life among asthma patients

Hanneke A.H. Wijnhoven*, Didi M.W. Kriegsman, Frank J. Snoek, Arlette E. Hesselink, Marten De Haan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To identify and explain differences between men and women with asthma regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods. A cross-sectional study was performed among 967 asthma patients recruited from general practice. Data were collected by means of a pulmonary function assessment, a face-to-face interview, and a written questionnaire. Results. Women with asthma reported lower scores on HRQoL in the age groups 16-34 and 56-75 years but not in the age group 35-55 years. In all age groups, women reported more severe dyspnea but had higher levels of pulmonary function. The poorer HRQoL reported by women could be explained by a more severe dyspnea and a higher level of medication use in women. Conclusions. The finding that women with asthma aged 16-34 and 56-75 years report poorer HRQoL than men is not due to a more severe disease state in terms of pulmonary obstruction but does seem to be related to a more severe subjective disease state in women than in men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-199
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2003

Cite this

Wijnhoven, H. A. H., Kriegsman, D. M. W., Snoek, F. J., Hesselink, A. E., & De Haan, M. (2003). Gender differences in health-related quality of life among asthma patients. Journal of Asthma, 40(2), 189-199. https://doi.org/10.1081/JAS-120017990