Gender Variance and the Autism Spectrum: An Examination of Children Ages 6–12 Years

A. Natisha Nabbijohn, Anna I. R. van der Miesen, Alanna Santarossa, Diana Peragine, Annelou L. C. de Vries, Arne Popma, Meng-Chuan Lai, Doug P. VanderLaan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Gender variance (GV) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently co-occur in clinical populations. We investigated GV in association with ASD characteristics in nonclinical children and in children with developmental/mental health diagnoses. In 6–12-year-olds (N = 2445; 51% birth-assigned boys), the Gender Identity Questionnaire for Children measured GV and the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire measured six subdomains of ASD characteristics. Among nonclinical children, GV was associated with parent-reported difficulties orienting socially and stereotyped behaviors. GV was also associated with parent-reported clinical diagnoses of ASD, sensory processing disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. These findings suggest associations between specific ASD characteristics and GV in nonclinical children. Also, childhood GV should be further examined in a range of clinical populations, including ASD individuals.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2018

Cite this

@article{b516620ea7254d2c947261973a73fe70,
title = "Gender Variance and the Autism Spectrum: An Examination of Children Ages 6–12 Years",
abstract = "Gender variance (GV) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently co-occur in clinical populations. We investigated GV in association with ASD characteristics in nonclinical children and in children with developmental/mental health diagnoses. In 6–12-year-olds (N = 2445; 51{\%} birth-assigned boys), the Gender Identity Questionnaire for Children measured GV and the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire measured six subdomains of ASD characteristics. Among nonclinical children, GV was associated with parent-reported difficulties orienting socially and stereotyped behaviors. GV was also associated with parent-reported clinical diagnoses of ASD, sensory processing disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. These findings suggest associations between specific ASD characteristics and GV in nonclinical children. Also, childhood GV should be further examined in a range of clinical populations, including ASD individuals.",
author = "Nabbijohn, {A. Natisha} and {van der Miesen}, {Anna I. R.} and Alanna Santarossa and Diana Peragine and {de Vries}, {Annelou L. C.} and Arne Popma and Meng-Chuan Lai and VanderLaan, {Doug P.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-018-3843-z",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

Gender Variance and the Autism Spectrum: An Examination of Children Ages 6–12 Years. / Nabbijohn, A. Natisha; van der Miesen, Anna I. R.; Santarossa, Alanna; Peragine, Diana; de Vries, Annelou L. C.; Popma, Arne; Lai, Meng-Chuan; VanderLaan, Doug P.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender Variance and the Autism Spectrum: An Examination of Children Ages 6–12 Years

AU - Nabbijohn, A. Natisha

AU - van der Miesen, Anna I. R.

AU - Santarossa, Alanna

AU - Peragine, Diana

AU - de Vries, Annelou L. C.

AU - Popma, Arne

AU - Lai, Meng-Chuan

AU - VanderLaan, Doug P.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Gender variance (GV) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently co-occur in clinical populations. We investigated GV in association with ASD characteristics in nonclinical children and in children with developmental/mental health diagnoses. In 6–12-year-olds (N = 2445; 51% birth-assigned boys), the Gender Identity Questionnaire for Children measured GV and the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire measured six subdomains of ASD characteristics. Among nonclinical children, GV was associated with parent-reported difficulties orienting socially and stereotyped behaviors. GV was also associated with parent-reported clinical diagnoses of ASD, sensory processing disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. These findings suggest associations between specific ASD characteristics and GV in nonclinical children. Also, childhood GV should be further examined in a range of clinical populations, including ASD individuals.

AB - Gender variance (GV) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently co-occur in clinical populations. We investigated GV in association with ASD characteristics in nonclinical children and in children with developmental/mental health diagnoses. In 6–12-year-olds (N = 2445; 51% birth-assigned boys), the Gender Identity Questionnaire for Children measured GV and the Children’s Social Behavior Questionnaire measured six subdomains of ASD characteristics. Among nonclinical children, GV was associated with parent-reported difficulties orienting socially and stereotyped behaviors. GV was also associated with parent-reported clinical diagnoses of ASD, sensory processing disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. These findings suggest associations between specific ASD characteristics and GV in nonclinical children. Also, childhood GV should be further examined in a range of clinical populations, including ASD individuals.

UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85058526855&origin=inward

UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30547258

U2 - 10.1007/s10803-018-3843-z

DO - 10.1007/s10803-018-3843-z

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JO - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

JF - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

SN - 0162-3257

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