General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe

I. de Bourdeaudhuij, S.J. te Velde, L. Maes, C. Perez-Rodrigo, M.D.V. de Almeida, J. Brug

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in 11-year-olds, and social-environmental correlates of F&V intake such as parental modelling and encouragement, family food rules and home availability, differ according to general parenting styles in Belgium, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary schools in four countries. SUBJECTS: Pupils and one of their parents completed questionnaires to measure F&V intake, related social-environmental correlates and general parenting styles. The sample size was 4555 (49.3 % boys); 1180 for Belgium, 883 for The Netherlands, 1515 for Portugal and 977 for Spain. Parenting styles were divided into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful. RESULTS: No differences were found in F&V intake across parenting styles and only very few significant differences in social-environmental correlates. The authoritarian (more parental encouragement and more demands to eat fruit) and the authoritative (more availability of fruit and vegetables) parenting styles resulted in more favourable correlates. CONCLUSION: Despite earlier studies suggesting that general parenting styles are associated with health behaviours in children, the present study suggests that this association is weak to non-existent for F&V intakes in four different European countries
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)259-266
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Cite this

de Bourdeaudhuij, I. ; te Velde, S.J. ; Maes, L. ; Perez-Rodrigo, C. ; de Almeida, M.D.V. ; Brug, J. / General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2009 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 259-266.
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title = "General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in 11-year-olds, and social-environmental correlates of F&V intake such as parental modelling and encouragement, family food rules and home availability, differ according to general parenting styles in Belgium, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary schools in four countries. SUBJECTS: Pupils and one of their parents completed questionnaires to measure F&V intake, related social-environmental correlates and general parenting styles. The sample size was 4555 (49.3 {\%} boys); 1180 for Belgium, 883 for The Netherlands, 1515 for Portugal and 977 for Spain. Parenting styles were divided into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful. RESULTS: No differences were found in F&V intake across parenting styles and only very few significant differences in social-environmental correlates. The authoritarian (more parental encouragement and more demands to eat fruit) and the authoritative (more availability of fruit and vegetables) parenting styles resulted in more favourable correlates. CONCLUSION: Despite earlier studies suggesting that general parenting styles are associated with health behaviours in children, the present study suggests that this association is weak to non-existent for F&V intakes in four different European countries",
author = "{de Bourdeaudhuij}, I. and {te Velde}, S.J. and L. Maes and C. Perez-Rodrigo and {de Almeida}, M.D.V. and J. Brug",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980008002930",
language = "Undefined/Unknown",
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pages = "259--266",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
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}

General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe. / de Bourdeaudhuij, I.; te Velde, S.J.; Maes, L.; Perez-Rodrigo, C.; de Almeida, M.D.V.; Brug, J.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2009, p. 259-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - de Bourdeaudhuij, I.

AU - te Velde, S.J.

AU - Maes, L.

AU - Perez-Rodrigo, C.

AU - de Almeida, M.D.V.

AU - Brug, J.

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N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in 11-year-olds, and social-environmental correlates of F&V intake such as parental modelling and encouragement, family food rules and home availability, differ according to general parenting styles in Belgium, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary schools in four countries. SUBJECTS: Pupils and one of their parents completed questionnaires to measure F&V intake, related social-environmental correlates and general parenting styles. The sample size was 4555 (49.3 % boys); 1180 for Belgium, 883 for The Netherlands, 1515 for Portugal and 977 for Spain. Parenting styles were divided into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful. RESULTS: No differences were found in F&V intake across parenting styles and only very few significant differences in social-environmental correlates. The authoritarian (more parental encouragement and more demands to eat fruit) and the authoritative (more availability of fruit and vegetables) parenting styles resulted in more favourable correlates. CONCLUSION: Despite earlier studies suggesting that general parenting styles are associated with health behaviours in children, the present study suggests that this association is weak to non-existent for F&V intakes in four different European countries

AB - OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in 11-year-olds, and social-environmental correlates of F&V intake such as parental modelling and encouragement, family food rules and home availability, differ according to general parenting styles in Belgium, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary schools in four countries. SUBJECTS: Pupils and one of their parents completed questionnaires to measure F&V intake, related social-environmental correlates and general parenting styles. The sample size was 4555 (49.3 % boys); 1180 for Belgium, 883 for The Netherlands, 1515 for Portugal and 977 for Spain. Parenting styles were divided into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful. RESULTS: No differences were found in F&V intake across parenting styles and only very few significant differences in social-environmental correlates. The authoritarian (more parental encouragement and more demands to eat fruit) and the authoritative (more availability of fruit and vegetables) parenting styles resulted in more favourable correlates. CONCLUSION: Despite earlier studies suggesting that general parenting styles are associated with health behaviours in children, the present study suggests that this association is weak to non-existent for F&V intakes in four different European countries

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