Generalized synchronization of MEG recordings in Alzheimer's Disease: evidence for involvement of the gamma band

Cornelis J Stam, Anne Marie van Cappellen van Walsum, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Henk W Berendse, Jan C de Munck, Philip Scheltens, Bob W van Dijk

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The purpose of this study was to investigate interdependencies in whole-head magnetoencephalography (MEG) of Alzheimer patients and healthy control subjects. Magnetoencephalograms were recorded in 20 Alzheimer patients (11 men; mean age, 69.0 years [standard deviation, 8.2 years]); Mini-Mental State Examination score, 21.3 points; range, 15 to 27 points) and 20 healthy control subjects (9 men; mean age, 66.4 years [standard deviation, 9.0 years]) during a no-task eyes-closed condition with a 151 channel whole-head MEG system. Synchronization likelihood (a new measure for linear as well as nonlinear interdependencies between signals) and coherence were computed for each channel in different frequency bands (2 to 6, 6 to 10, 10 to 14, 14 to 18, 18 to 22, 22 to 40 Hz). Synchronization was lower in Alzheimer patients in the upper alpha band (10 to 14 Hz), the upper beta band (18 to 22 Hz), and the gamma band (22 to 40 Hz). In contrast, coherence did not show significant group differences at the p<0.05 level. The synchronization likelihood showed a spatial pattern (high synchronization central, parietal and right frontal; low synchronization, occipital and temporal). This study confirms a widespread loss of functional interactions in the alpha and beta bands, and provides the first evidence for loss of gamma band synchronization in Alzheimer's disease. Synchronization likelihood may be more sensitive to detect such changes than the commonly used coherence analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-74
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

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