Genital Gender-Affirming Surgery Without Urethral Lengthening in Transgender Men—A Clinical Follow-Up Study on the Surgical and Urological Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction

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Background: Genital gender-affirming surgery (gGAS) with urethral lengthening (UL) in transgender men is associated with high urological complication and reoperation rates. Since 2009, we offer gGAS without UL to avoid these complications. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess what portion of the transgender men opted for gGAS without UL and to assess functional, surgical outcomes, and patient satisfaction after gGAS without UL. Material and methods: Retrospective data were collected from patients’ charts. The International Prostate Symptom Score, uroflowmetry, and 24-hour frequency voiding chart were used to assess voiding, and a self-constructed semistructured questionnaire was used to assess patient-reported outcomes. Transgender men who underwent gGAS without UL between January 2009 and January 2018 were included, and 56 transgender men were approached to complete the patient-reported outcome measurement. The simple statistical analysis combined with the Mann-Whitney U test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used. Outcomes: 68 transgender men were included. Median follow-up time was 24 (6–129) months. Uroflowmetry and the International Prostate Symptom Score were completed by 44 transgender men, whereas 13 completed the frequency voiding chart preoperatively and postoperatively, respectively. The patient-reported outcome measurement was completed by 40 of 56 (71%) transgender men. Result: Postoperative surgical and urological complications occurred in 9 of 68 (13%) and 8 of 68 (12%) patients, respectively. Storage and voiding function remained unchanged. The median quality of life because of urinary symptoms was scored as “pleased.” Sexual functioning and voiding were scored satisfactory and very satisfactory in 18 of 40 (45%) and 21 of 40 (53%) patients, respectively. The number of patients satisfied with the penis and neoscrotum was 25 of 40 (63%) and 26 of 40 (65%), respectively. Increased self-esteem was reported by 32 of 40 (80%), 32 of 40 (80%) would undergo the surgery again, and 28 of 40 (70%) would recommend it to others. Clinical Implications: gGAS without UL should be part of the surgical armamentarium in centers performing gender-affirming surgery. Strengths and limitations: Strengths of this study comprise the number of patients, the completeness of data, incorporation of patient-reported outcomes, and description of a relatively new surgical approach that may be well-suitable for a subgroup of transgender men. Limitations are the retrospective study design and the lack of validated questionnaires. Conclusion: gGAS without UL shows good surgical and urological outcomes. After extensive counseling, the majority of this selective group of patients shows favorable patient-reported outcomes. Pigot GLS, Al-Tamimi M, Nieuwenhuijzen JA, et al. Genital Gender-Affirming Surgery Without Urethral Lengthening in Transgender Men—A Clinical Follow-Up Study on the Surgical and Urological Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction. J Sex Med 2020;17:2478–2487.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2478-2487
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

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