Glioblastoma surgery imaging—reporting and data system: Standardized reporting of tumor volume, location, and resectability based on automated segmentations

Ivar Kommers, David Bouget, André Pedersen, Roelant S. Eijgelaar, Hilko Ardon, Frederik Barkhof, Lorenzo Bello, Mitchel S. Berger, Marco Conti Nibali, Julia Furtner, Even H. Fyllingen, Shawn Hervey-Jumper, Albert J. S. Idema, Barbara Kiesel, Alfred Kloet, Emmanuel Mandonnet, Domenique M. J. Müller, Pierre A. Robe, Marco Rossi, Lisa M. SagbergTommaso Sciortino, Wimar A. van den Brink, Michiel Wagemakers, Georg Widhalm, Marnix G. Witte, Aeilko H. Zwinderman, Ingerid Reinertsen, Ole Solheim*, Philip C. de Witt Hamer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Treatment decisions for patients with presumed glioblastoma are based on tumor characteristics available from a preoperative MR scan. Tumor characteristics, including volume, location, and resectability, are often estimated or manually delineated. This process is time consuming and subjective. Hence, comparison across cohorts, trials, or registries are subject to assessment bias. In this study, we propose a standardized Glioblastoma Surgery Imaging Reporting and Data System (GSI-RADS) based on an automated method of tumor segmentation that provides standard reports on tumor features that are potentially relevant for glioblastoma surgery. As clinical validation, we determine the agreement in extracted tumor features between the automated method and the current standard of manual segmentations from routine clinical MR scans before treatment. In an observational consecutive cohort of 1596 adult patients with a first time surgery of a glioblastoma from 13 institutions, we segmented gadolinium-enhanced tumor parts both by a human rater and by an automated algorithm. Tumor features were extracted from segmentations of both methods and compared to assess differences, concordance, and equivalence. The laterality, contralateral infiltration, and the laterality indices were in excellent agreement. The native and normalized tumor volumes had excellent agreement, consistency, and equivalence. Multifocality, but not the number of foci, had good agreement and equivalence. The location profiles of cortical and subcortical structures were in excellent agreement. The expected residual tumor volumes and resectability indices had excellent agreement, consistency, and equivalence. Tumor probability maps were in good agreement. In conclusion, automated segmentations are in excellent agreement with manual segmentations and practically equivalent regarding tumor features that are potentially relevant for neurosurgical purposes. Standard GSI-RADS reports can be generated by open access software.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2854
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2021

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