Glycine promotes longevity in caenorhabditis elegans in a methionine cycle-dependent fashion

Yasmine J. Liu, Georges E. Janssens, Rebecca L. McIntyre, Marte Molenaars, Rashmi Kamble, Arwen W. Gao, Aldo Jongejan, Michel van Weeghel, Alyson W. Macinnes, Riekelt H. Houtkooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The deregulation of metabolism is a hallmark of aging. As such, changes in the expression of metabolic genes and the profiles of amino acid levels are features associated with aging animals. We previously reported that the levels of most amino acids decline with age in Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Glycine, in contrast, substantially accumulates in aging C. elegans. In this study we show that this is coupled to a decrease in gene expression of enzymes important for glycine catabolism. We further show that supplementation of glycine significantly prolongs C. elegans lifespan, and early adulthood is important for its salutary effects. Moreover, supplementation of glycine ameliorates specific transcriptional changes that are associated with aging. Glycine feeds into the methionine cycle. We find that mutations in components of this cycle, methionine synthase (metr-1) and S-adenosylmethionine synthetase (sams-1), completely abrogate glycine-induced lifespan extension. Strikingly, the beneficial effects of glycine supplementation are conserved when we supplement with serine, which also feeds into the methionine cycle. RNA-sequencing reveals a similar transcriptional landscape in serineand glycine-supplemented worms both demarked by wide-spread gene repression. Taken together, these data uncover a novel role of glycine in the deceleration of aging through its function in the methionine cycle. The authors thank the Caenorhabditis Genetics Center (CGC) at the University of Minnesota for providing C. elegans strains.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1007633
JournalPLoS Genetics
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Liu, Y. J., Janssens, G. E., McIntyre, R. L., Molenaars, M., Kamble, R., Gao, A. W., ... Houtkooper, R. H. (2019). Glycine promotes longevity in caenorhabditis elegans in a methionine cycle-dependent fashion. PLoS Genetics, 15(3), [e1007633]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007633