Gross genomic damage measured by DNA image cytometry independently predicts gastric cancer patient survival

J.A.M. Belien, T.E. Buffart, A. Gill, M.A.M. Broeckaert, P. Quirke, G.A. Meijer, H. Grabsch

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: DNA aneuploidy reflects gross genomic changes. It can be measured by flow cytometry (FCM-DNA) or image cytometry (ICM-DNA). In gastric cancer, the prevalence of DNA aneuploidy has been reported to range from 27 to 100%, with conflicting associations with clinicopathological variables. The aim of our study was to compare the DNA ploidy status measured using FCM-DNA and ICM-DNA in gastric cancer and to evaluate its association with clinicopathological variables. METHODS: Cell nuclei were isolated from 221 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded gastric cancer samples. DNA ploidy was assessed using FCM-DNA and ICM-DNA. RESULTS: A total of 178 (80.5%) gastric cancer samples were classified as DNA aneuploid using FCM-DNA, compared with 172 (77.8%) gastric cancer samples when using ICM-DNA. Results obtained from both methods were concordant in 183 (82.8%) cases (kappa = 0.48). Patients with ICM-DNA diploid gastric cancer survived significantly longer than those with ICM-DNA aneuploid gastric cancer (log rank 10.1, P = 0.001). For FCM-DNA data, this difference did not reach statistical significance. The multivariate Cox model showed that ICM-DNA ploidy status predicted patient survival independently of tumour-node-metastasis status. CONCLUSION: ICM-DNA ploidy status is an independent predictor of survival in gastric cancer patients and may therefore be a more clinically relevant read out of gross genomic damage than FCM-DNA. British Journal of Cancer (2009) 101, 1011-1018. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605266 www.bjcancer.com (C) 2009 Cancer Research UK
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1011-1018
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume101
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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