Gutter Characteristics and Stent Compression of Self-Expanding vs Balloon-Expandable Chimney Grafts in Juxtarenal Aneurysms Models

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Purpose: To assess in silicone juxtarenal aneurysm models the gutter characteristics and compression of different types of chimney graft (CG) configurations. Materials and Methods: Fifty-seven combinations of Excluder C3 or Conformable Excluder stent-grafts (23, 26, and 28.5 mm) were deployed in 2 silicone juxtarenal aneurysm models with 3 types of CGs: Viabahn self-expanding (VSE; 6 and 13 mm) or Viabahn balloon-expandable (VBX; 6, 10, and 12 mm) stent-grafts and Advanta V12 balloon-expandable stent-grafts (ABX; 6 and 12 mm). Setups were divided into 4 groups on the basis of increasing CG and main graft (MG) diameters. Two independent observers assessed gutter size and type as well as CG compression on computed tomography scans using postprocessing software. Results: In the smaller diameter combinations (6-mm CG and 23-, 26-, and 28.5-mm MGs), both VSE (p=0.006 to 0.050) and ABX (p=0.045 to 0.050) showed lower gutter areas and volumes compared with VBX. In turn, the VBX showed a nonsignificant tendency to decreased compression, especially compared to ABX. Use of the Excluder C3 showed a 6-fold increase in type A1 gutters (related to type Ia endoleak) as compared to the Conformable Excluder (p=0.018). Balloon-expandable stent-grafts (both ABX and VBX) showed a 3-fold increase in type A1 gutters in comparison with self-expanding stent-grafts (p=0.008). Conclusion: The current study suggests that use of the Conformable Excluder in combination with VSE chimney grafts is superior to the other tested CG/MG combinations in terms of gutter size, gutter type, and CG compression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-461
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

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