Haemodynamic response to exercise in healthy young and elderly subjects

H J Bogaard, H H Woltjer, B M Dekker, A R van Keimpema, P E Postmus, P M de Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Whereas with advancing age, peak heart rate (HR) and cardiac index (CI) are clearly reduced, peak stroke index (SI) may decrease, remain constant or even increase. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of HR, SI, CI, arteriovenous difference in oxygen concentration (Ca-vO2), mean arterial pressure (MAP), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), stroke work index (SWI) and mean systolic ejection rate index (MSERI) in two age groups (A: 20-30 years, n = 20; B: 50-60 years n = 20). After determination of pulmonary function, an incremental bicycle exercise test was performed, with standard, gas-exchange measurements and SI assessment using electrical impedance cardiography. The following age-related changes were found: similar submaximal HR response to exercise in both groups and a higher peak HR in A than in B[185 (SD 9) vs 167 (SD 14) beats.min-1, P < 0.0005]; increase in SI with exercise up to 60-90 W and subsequent stabilization in both groups. As SI decreased towards the end of exercise in B, a higher peak SI was found in A [57.5 (SD 14.0) vs 43.6 (SD 7.7) ml.m-2, P < 0.0005]; similar submaximal CI response-to exercise, higher peak CI in A [10.6 (SD 2.5) vs 7.2 (SD 1.3) 1.min-1.m-2, P < 0.0005]; no differences in Ca-vO2 during exercise; higher MAP at all levels of exercise in B; higher SVRI at all levels of exercise in B; lower SWI in B after recovery; higher MSERI at all levels of exercise in A. The decrease in SI with advancing age would seem to be related to a decrease in myocardial contractility, which can no longer be compensated for by an increase in preload (as during submaximal exercise). Increases in systemic blood pressure may also compromise ventricular function but would seem to be of minor importance.

LanguageEnglish
Pages435-42
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Cite this

Bogaard, H J ; Woltjer, H H ; Dekker, B M ; van Keimpema, A R ; Postmus, P E ; de Vries, P M. / Haemodynamic response to exercise in healthy young and elderly subjects. In: European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. 1997 ; Vol. 75, No. 5. pp. 435-42.
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abstract = "Whereas with advancing age, peak heart rate (HR) and cardiac index (CI) are clearly reduced, peak stroke index (SI) may decrease, remain constant or even increase. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of HR, SI, CI, arteriovenous difference in oxygen concentration (Ca-vO2), mean arterial pressure (MAP), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), stroke work index (SWI) and mean systolic ejection rate index (MSERI) in two age groups (A: 20-30 years, n = 20; B: 50-60 years n = 20). After determination of pulmonary function, an incremental bicycle exercise test was performed, with standard, gas-exchange measurements and SI assessment using electrical impedance cardiography. The following age-related changes were found: similar submaximal HR response to exercise in both groups and a higher peak HR in A than in B[185 (SD 9) vs 167 (SD 14) beats.min-1, P < 0.0005]; increase in SI with exercise up to 60-90 W and subsequent stabilization in both groups. As SI decreased towards the end of exercise in B, a higher peak SI was found in A [57.5 (SD 14.0) vs 43.6 (SD 7.7) ml.m-2, P < 0.0005]; similar submaximal CI response-to exercise, higher peak CI in A [10.6 (SD 2.5) vs 7.2 (SD 1.3) 1.min-1.m-2, P < 0.0005]; no differences in Ca-vO2 during exercise; higher MAP at all levels of exercise in B; higher SVRI at all levels of exercise in B; lower SWI in B after recovery; higher MSERI at all levels of exercise in A. The decrease in SI with advancing age would seem to be related to a decrease in myocardial contractility, which can no longer be compensated for by an increase in preload (as during submaximal exercise). Increases in systemic blood pressure may also compromise ventricular function but would seem to be of minor importance.",
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Haemodynamic response to exercise in healthy young and elderly subjects. / Bogaard, H J; Woltjer, H H; Dekker, B M; van Keimpema, A R; Postmus, P E; de Vries, P M.

In: European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology, Vol. 75, No. 5, 1997, p. 435-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Haemodynamic response to exercise in healthy young and elderly subjects

AU - Bogaard, H J

AU - Woltjer, H H

AU - Dekker, B M

AU - van Keimpema, A R

AU - Postmus, P E

AU - de Vries, P M

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Whereas with advancing age, peak heart rate (HR) and cardiac index (CI) are clearly reduced, peak stroke index (SI) may decrease, remain constant or even increase. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of HR, SI, CI, arteriovenous difference in oxygen concentration (Ca-vO2), mean arterial pressure (MAP), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), stroke work index (SWI) and mean systolic ejection rate index (MSERI) in two age groups (A: 20-30 years, n = 20; B: 50-60 years n = 20). After determination of pulmonary function, an incremental bicycle exercise test was performed, with standard, gas-exchange measurements and SI assessment using electrical impedance cardiography. The following age-related changes were found: similar submaximal HR response to exercise in both groups and a higher peak HR in A than in B[185 (SD 9) vs 167 (SD 14) beats.min-1, P < 0.0005]; increase in SI with exercise up to 60-90 W and subsequent stabilization in both groups. As SI decreased towards the end of exercise in B, a higher peak SI was found in A [57.5 (SD 14.0) vs 43.6 (SD 7.7) ml.m-2, P < 0.0005]; similar submaximal CI response-to exercise, higher peak CI in A [10.6 (SD 2.5) vs 7.2 (SD 1.3) 1.min-1.m-2, P < 0.0005]; no differences in Ca-vO2 during exercise; higher MAP at all levels of exercise in B; higher SVRI at all levels of exercise in B; lower SWI in B after recovery; higher MSERI at all levels of exercise in A. The decrease in SI with advancing age would seem to be related to a decrease in myocardial contractility, which can no longer be compensated for by an increase in preload (as during submaximal exercise). Increases in systemic blood pressure may also compromise ventricular function but would seem to be of minor importance.

AB - Whereas with advancing age, peak heart rate (HR) and cardiac index (CI) are clearly reduced, peak stroke index (SI) may decrease, remain constant or even increase. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of HR, SI, CI, arteriovenous difference in oxygen concentration (Ca-vO2), mean arterial pressure (MAP), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), stroke work index (SWI) and mean systolic ejection rate index (MSERI) in two age groups (A: 20-30 years, n = 20; B: 50-60 years n = 20). After determination of pulmonary function, an incremental bicycle exercise test was performed, with standard, gas-exchange measurements and SI assessment using electrical impedance cardiography. The following age-related changes were found: similar submaximal HR response to exercise in both groups and a higher peak HR in A than in B[185 (SD 9) vs 167 (SD 14) beats.min-1, P < 0.0005]; increase in SI with exercise up to 60-90 W and subsequent stabilization in both groups. As SI decreased towards the end of exercise in B, a higher peak SI was found in A [57.5 (SD 14.0) vs 43.6 (SD 7.7) ml.m-2, P < 0.0005]; similar submaximal CI response-to exercise, higher peak CI in A [10.6 (SD 2.5) vs 7.2 (SD 1.3) 1.min-1.m-2, P < 0.0005]; no differences in Ca-vO2 during exercise; higher MAP at all levels of exercise in B; higher SVRI at all levels of exercise in B; lower SWI in B after recovery; higher MSERI at all levels of exercise in A. The decrease in SI with advancing age would seem to be related to a decrease in myocardial contractility, which can no longer be compensated for by an increase in preload (as during submaximal exercise). Increases in systemic blood pressure may also compromise ventricular function but would seem to be of minor importance.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Aging/physiology

KW - Blood Pressure/physiology

KW - Cardiac Output/physiology

KW - Cardiography, Impedance

KW - Exercise/physiology

KW - Heart Rate/physiology

KW - Hemodynamics/physiology

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Stroke Volume/physiology

KW - Vascular Resistance/physiology

U2 - 10.1007/s004210050185

DO - 10.1007/s004210050185

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 435

EP - 442

JO - European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology

T2 - European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology

JF - European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology

SN - 0301-5548

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ER -