Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity

Sonja De Groot, JW van der Scheer, JA van der Windt, J Nauta, L van der Hijden, L Luigjes, L.H.V. van der Woude

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intensity and duration of training on physical capacity in a 7 weeks hand rim wheel- chair training in able-bodied men. Thirty-six able-bodied men participated in three groups: a 30% heart rate reserve (HRR) 70 min training group (N = 14), a 70% HRR 30 minutes training group (N = 13) and a 30% HRR 30 minutes train- ing group (N = 9). All groups trained 3 times per week for 7 weeks on a treadmill. Pre and post tests on a wheelchair ergometer comprised a submaximal test at 20% and 40% of the esti- mated peak power output, in which submaximal heart rate, oxygen uptake and mechanical effi- ciency were determined. In maximal exercise tests, maximal isometric strength, sprint power, peak power output and peak oxygen uptake were measured. No significant differences were found between the training groups on sub- maximal and maximal parameters. It can be con- cluded that, in persons new to wheelchair use, seven weeks of wheelchair endurance training at an intensity of 30% HRR for 30 minutes is as effective as a training at a higher intensity (70% HRR) or with a longer duration (70 min).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)909-913
JournalHealth (London)
Volume5
Issue number6A2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

De Groot, S., van der Scheer, JW., van der Windt, JA., Nauta, J., van der Hijden, L., Luigjes, L., & van der Woude, L. H. V. (2013). Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity. Health (London), 5(6A2), 909-913.
De Groot, Sonja ; van der Scheer, JW ; van der Windt, JA ; Nauta, J ; van der Hijden, L ; Luigjes, L ; van der Woude, L.H.V. / Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity. In: Health (London). 2013 ; Vol. 5, No. 6A2. pp. 909-913.
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abstract = "The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intensity and duration of training on physical capacity in a 7 weeks hand rim wheel- chair training in able-bodied men. Thirty-six able-bodied men participated in three groups: a 30{\%} heart rate reserve (HRR) 70 min training group (N = 14), a 70{\%} HRR 30 minutes training group (N = 13) and a 30{\%} HRR 30 minutes train- ing group (N = 9). All groups trained 3 times per week for 7 weeks on a treadmill. Pre and post tests on a wheelchair ergometer comprised a submaximal test at 20{\%} and 40{\%} of the esti- mated peak power output, in which submaximal heart rate, oxygen uptake and mechanical effi- ciency were determined. In maximal exercise tests, maximal isometric strength, sprint power, peak power output and peak oxygen uptake were measured. No significant differences were found between the training groups on sub- maximal and maximal parameters. It can be con- cluded that, in persons new to wheelchair use, seven weeks of wheelchair endurance training at an intensity of 30{\%} HRR for 30 minutes is as effective as a training at a higher intensity (70{\%} HRR) or with a longer duration (70 min).",
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author = "{De Groot}, Sonja and {van der Scheer}, JW and {van der Windt}, JA and J Nauta and {van der Hijden}, L and L Luigjes and {van der Woude}, L.H.V.",
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De Groot, S, van der Scheer, JW, van der Windt, JA, Nauta, J, van der Hijden, L, Luigjes, L & van der Woude, LHV 2013, 'Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity' Health (London), vol. 5, no. 6A2, pp. 909-913.

Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity. / De Groot, Sonja; van der Scheer, JW; van der Windt, JA; Nauta, J; van der Hijden, L; Luigjes, L; van der Woude, L.H.V.

In: Health (London), Vol. 5, No. 6A2, 2013, p. 909-913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity

AU - De Groot, Sonja

AU - van der Scheer, JW

AU - van der Windt, JA

AU - Nauta, J

AU - van der Hijden, L

AU - Luigjes, L

AU - van der Woude, L.H.V.

PY - 2013

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N2 - The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intensity and duration of training on physical capacity in a 7 weeks hand rim wheel- chair training in able-bodied men. Thirty-six able-bodied men participated in three groups: a 30% heart rate reserve (HRR) 70 min training group (N = 14), a 70% HRR 30 minutes training group (N = 13) and a 30% HRR 30 minutes train- ing group (N = 9). All groups trained 3 times per week for 7 weeks on a treadmill. Pre and post tests on a wheelchair ergometer comprised a submaximal test at 20% and 40% of the esti- mated peak power output, in which submaximal heart rate, oxygen uptake and mechanical effi- ciency were determined. In maximal exercise tests, maximal isometric strength, sprint power, peak power output and peak oxygen uptake were measured. No significant differences were found between the training groups on sub- maximal and maximal parameters. It can be con- cluded that, in persons new to wheelchair use, seven weeks of wheelchair endurance training at an intensity of 30% HRR for 30 minutes is as effective as a training at a higher intensity (70% HRR) or with a longer duration (70 min).

AB - The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intensity and duration of training on physical capacity in a 7 weeks hand rim wheel- chair training in able-bodied men. Thirty-six able-bodied men participated in three groups: a 30% heart rate reserve (HRR) 70 min training group (N = 14), a 70% HRR 30 minutes training group (N = 13) and a 30% HRR 30 minutes train- ing group (N = 9). All groups trained 3 times per week for 7 weeks on a treadmill. Pre and post tests on a wheelchair ergometer comprised a submaximal test at 20% and 40% of the esti- mated peak power output, in which submaximal heart rate, oxygen uptake and mechanical effi- ciency were determined. In maximal exercise tests, maximal isometric strength, sprint power, peak power output and peak oxygen uptake were measured. No significant differences were found between the training groups on sub- maximal and maximal parameters. It can be con- cluded that, in persons new to wheelchair use, seven weeks of wheelchair endurance training at an intensity of 30% HRR for 30 minutes is as effective as a training at a higher intensity (70% HRR) or with a longer duration (70 min).

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KW - Physical Education and Training

KW - Work Capacity

KW - Oxygen Consumption

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JO - Health (London)

JF - Health (London)

SN - 1363-4593

IS - 6A2

ER -

De Groot S, van der Scheer JW, van der Windt JA, Nauta J, van der Hijden L, Luigjes L et al. Hand rim wheelchair training: effects of intensity and duration on physical capacity. Health (London). 2013;5(6A2):909-913.