Health-related physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele

Laurien M Buffart, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons, Marie S van Wijlen-Hempel, Henk J Stam, Marij E Roebroeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To assess components of health-related physical fitness in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele (MMC), and to study relations between aerobic capacity and other health-related physical fitness components. This cross-sectional study included 50 adolescents and young adults with MMC, aged 16-30 years (25 males). Aerobic capacity was quantified by measuring peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2) during a maximal exercise test on a cycle or arm ergometer depending on the main mode of ambulation. Muscle strength of upper and lower extremity muscles was assessed using a hand-held dynamometer. Regarding flexibility, we assessed mobility of hip, knee and ankle joints. Body composition was assessed by measuring thickness of four skin-folds. Relations were studied using linear regression analyses. Average peakVO2 was 1.48+/-0.52 l/min, 61% of the participants had subnormal muscle strength, 61% had mobility restrictions in at least one joint and average sum of four skin-folds was 74.8+/-38.8 mm. PeakVO2 was significantly related to gender, ambulatory status and muscle strength, explaining 55% of its variance. Adolescents and young adults with MMC have poor health-related physical fitness. Gender and ambulatory status are important determinants of peakVO2. In addition, we found a small, but significant relationship between peakVO2 and muscle strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-8
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Cite this

Buffart, Laurien M ; van den Berg-Emons, Rita J G ; van Wijlen-Hempel, Marie S ; Stam, Henk J ; Roebroeck, Marij E. / Health-related physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2008 ; Vol. 103, No. 2. pp. 181-8.
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abstract = "To assess components of health-related physical fitness in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele (MMC), and to study relations between aerobic capacity and other health-related physical fitness components. This cross-sectional study included 50 adolescents and young adults with MMC, aged 16-30 years (25 males). Aerobic capacity was quantified by measuring peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2) during a maximal exercise test on a cycle or arm ergometer depending on the main mode of ambulation. Muscle strength of upper and lower extremity muscles was assessed using a hand-held dynamometer. Regarding flexibility, we assessed mobility of hip, knee and ankle joints. Body composition was assessed by measuring thickness of four skin-folds. Relations were studied using linear regression analyses. Average peakVO2 was 1.48+/-0.52 l/min, 61{\%} of the participants had subnormal muscle strength, 61{\%} had mobility restrictions in at least one joint and average sum of four skin-folds was 74.8+/-38.8 mm. PeakVO2 was significantly related to gender, ambulatory status and muscle strength, explaining 55{\%} of its variance. Adolescents and young adults with MMC have poor health-related physical fitness. Gender and ambulatory status are important determinants of peakVO2. In addition, we found a small, but significant relationship between peakVO2 and muscle strength.",
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Health-related physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele. / Buffart, Laurien M; van den Berg-Emons, Rita J G; van Wijlen-Hempel, Marie S; Stam, Henk J; Roebroeck, Marij E.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 103, No. 2, 05.2008, p. 181-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health-related physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele

AU - Buffart, Laurien M

AU - van den Berg-Emons, Rita J G

AU - van Wijlen-Hempel, Marie S

AU - Stam, Henk J

AU - Roebroeck, Marij E

PY - 2008/5

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N2 - To assess components of health-related physical fitness in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele (MMC), and to study relations between aerobic capacity and other health-related physical fitness components. This cross-sectional study included 50 adolescents and young adults with MMC, aged 16-30 years (25 males). Aerobic capacity was quantified by measuring peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2) during a maximal exercise test on a cycle or arm ergometer depending on the main mode of ambulation. Muscle strength of upper and lower extremity muscles was assessed using a hand-held dynamometer. Regarding flexibility, we assessed mobility of hip, knee and ankle joints. Body composition was assessed by measuring thickness of four skin-folds. Relations were studied using linear regression analyses. Average peakVO2 was 1.48+/-0.52 l/min, 61% of the participants had subnormal muscle strength, 61% had mobility restrictions in at least one joint and average sum of four skin-folds was 74.8+/-38.8 mm. PeakVO2 was significantly related to gender, ambulatory status and muscle strength, explaining 55% of its variance. Adolescents and young adults with MMC have poor health-related physical fitness. Gender and ambulatory status are important determinants of peakVO2. In addition, we found a small, but significant relationship between peakVO2 and muscle strength.

AB - To assess components of health-related physical fitness in adolescents and young adults with myelomeningocele (MMC), and to study relations between aerobic capacity and other health-related physical fitness components. This cross-sectional study included 50 adolescents and young adults with MMC, aged 16-30 years (25 males). Aerobic capacity was quantified by measuring peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2) during a maximal exercise test on a cycle or arm ergometer depending on the main mode of ambulation. Muscle strength of upper and lower extremity muscles was assessed using a hand-held dynamometer. Regarding flexibility, we assessed mobility of hip, knee and ankle joints. Body composition was assessed by measuring thickness of four skin-folds. Relations were studied using linear regression analyses. Average peakVO2 was 1.48+/-0.52 l/min, 61% of the participants had subnormal muscle strength, 61% had mobility restrictions in at least one joint and average sum of four skin-folds was 74.8+/-38.8 mm. PeakVO2 was significantly related to gender, ambulatory status and muscle strength, explaining 55% of its variance. Adolescents and young adults with MMC have poor health-related physical fitness. Gender and ambulatory status are important determinants of peakVO2. In addition, we found a small, but significant relationship between peakVO2 and muscle strength.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Ankle Joint/physiopathology

KW - Body Composition

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Female

KW - Health Status Indicators

KW - Hip Joint/physiopathology

KW - Humans

KW - Joints/physiopathology

KW - Knee Joint/physiopathology

KW - Male

KW - Meningomyelocele/physiopathology

KW - Muscle Strength

KW - Muscle Strength Dynamometer

KW - Muscle, Skeletal/physiopathology

KW - Netherlands

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Physical Fitness

KW - Range of Motion, Articular

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Skinfold Thickness

KW - Walking

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-008-0684-z

DO - 10.1007/s00421-008-0684-z

M3 - Article

VL - 103

SP - 181

EP - 188

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 2

ER -