Higher chances of survival to hospital admission after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in patients with previously diagnosed heart disease

Laura Helena Van Dongen, Marieke T. Blom, Sandra C.M. De Haas, Henk C.P.M. Van Weert, Petra Elders, Hanno Tan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aim This study aimed to determine whether patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with a pre-OHCA diagnosis of heart disease have higher survival chances than patients without such a diagnosis and to explore possible underlying mechanisms. Methods A retrospective cohort study in 3760 OHCA patients from the Netherlands (2010-2016) was performed. Information from emergency medical services, treating hospitals, general practitioner, resuscitation ECGs and civil registry was used to assess medical histories and the presence of pre-OHCA diagnosis of heart disease. We used multivariable regression analysis to calculate associations with survival to hospital admission or discharge, immediate causes of OHCA (acute myocardial infarction (AMI) vs non-AMI) and initial recorded rhythm. Results Overall, 48.1% of OHCA patients had pre-OHCA heart disease. These patients had higher odds to survive to hospital admission than patients without pre-OHCA heart disease (OR 1.25 (95%CI 1.05 to 1.47)), despite being older and more often having cardiovascular risk factors and some non-cardiac comorbidities. These patients also had higher odds of shockable initial rhythm (SIR) (OR 1.60 (1. 36 to 1.89)) and a lower odds of AMI as immediate cause of OHCA (OR 0.33 (0.25 to 0.42)). Their chances of survival to hospital discharge were not significantly larger (OR 1.16 (0.95 to 1.42)). Conclusion Having pre-OHCA diagnosed heart disease is associated with better odds to survive to hospital admission, but not to hospital discharge. This is associated with higher odds of a SIR and in a subgroup with available diagnosis a lower proportion of AMI as immediate cause of OHCA.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere001805
JournalOpen Heart
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

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