The rare HLA-DQB1*0304 allele was found increased among IDDM patients in the populations of the eastern Baltic region. Its frequency among IDDM patients was 4.5% (20/443) compared to 1.1% (9/853) in healthy controls in the combined series of Estonian, Latvian and St. Petersburg Russian populations (P=0.0001). HLA-DQB1*0304 in these populations was associated with DRB1*0408, and the haplotype was further characterized by a B35 allele and a typical combination of microsatellite markers from the TNF gene region. The result is compatible with the significance of the 57th amino acid in the DQ beta-chain but also emphasizes the importance of alleles in other HLA loci adjacent to DQ in the determination of IDDM susceptibility.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - May 1997|