Identification of Postoperative Step-Offs and Gaps With Brodén’s View Following Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Calcaneal Fractures

Rosalie C. Looijen, Dominique Misselyn, Manouk Backes, Siem A. Dingemans, Jens A. Halm, Tim Schepers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: To date, there is no consensus regarding which postoperative imaging technique should be used after open reduction and internal fixation of an intra-articular calcaneal fracture. The aim of this study was to clarify whether Brodén’s view is sufficient as postoperative radiologic examination to assess step-offs and gaps of the posterior facet. Methods: Six observers estimated the size of step-offs and gaps on Brodén’s view in 42 surgically treated intra-articular calcaneal fractures. These findings were compared to postoperative CT scans (gold standard). Inter- and intraobserver reliability were calculated and compared using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Results: An accuracy of approximately 75% for both step-offs and gaps was found in foot and ankle experts. Less experienced observers correctly identified step-offs and gaps in approximately 62% of cases on fluoroscopy and in 48% on radiographs. Interobserver reliability for intraoperative fluoroscopy as well as postoperative radiographs was fair for step-offs, whereas interobserver reliability for gaps was excellent. Intraobserver reliability showed a low level of agreement for intraoperative fluoroscopy, in contrast to postoperative radiographs with excellent agreement for step-offs and good agreement for gaps. Conclusion: Our results show that especially for more experienced foot and ankle surgeons, in the majority of fractures, Brodén’s view accurately showed step-offs and gaps following open reduction and internal fixation. Interobserver reliability showed a fair level of agreement for step-offs and excellent agreement for gaps. Intraobserver reliability was only enough for radiographs, not for fluoroscopy. Level of Evidence: Level IV, case series.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-802
Number of pages6
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

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