Objective To evaluate the occurrence and histopathologic characteristics of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related prostatic involvement in patients diagnosed with autoimmune pancreatitis. Methods Nine cases of IgG4-related prostatitis were identified among 117 men in the autoimmune pancreatitis and IgG4-associated cholangitis patient databases in 2 tertiary hospitals. Clinical information was retrieved, and available prostatic tissue samples and 18 prostatitis control samples were evaluated for characteristic IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) features: maximum number of IgG4-positive cells per high-power field; dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate; fibrosis, arranged at least focally in a storiform pattern; phlebitis with or without obliteration of the lumen; and increased number of eosinophils. Results The aspecific sign of urine retention was commonly present in IgG4-RD patients with prostatic involvement. In these patients with IgG4-related prostatitis, the median number of IgG4-positive cells in prostatic tissue was 150 (interquartile range, 20-150) per high-power field compared with a median of 3 (interquartile range, 1-11) in control patients (P =.008). Dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate was observed in most (86% in cases and 72% in control patients) tissue samples independent of the underlying cause of prostatitis. Fibrosis in at least a focally storiform pattern was seen rarely in both groups, and (obliterative) phlebitis was absent in all patients. Furthermore, eosinophil numbers were more often elevated in patients with IgG4-RD compared with controls (P <.001). In 2 cases, amelioration of the prostatitis symptoms on corticosteroid treatment was documented. Conclusion Prostatic involvement might not be rare in patients with pancreatic or biliary IgG4-RD. Clinicians should consider this disease entity in patients with IgG4-RD and prostatic symptoms.