Impact of measurable residual disease on outcomes of unrelated donor haematopoietic cell transplantation with post-transplant cyclophosphamide in AML in first complete remission

Arnon Nagler, Myriam Labopin, Bhagirathbhai Dholaria*, Didier Blaise, Sergey Bondarenko, Jan Vydra, Goda Choi, Montserrat Rovira, P. ter Reményi, Ellen Meijer, Claude Eric Bulabois, J. L. Diez-Martin, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Eolia Brissot, Alexandros Spyridonidis, Jaime Sanz, Amit Patel, Mutlu Arat, Ali Bazarbachi, Gesine BugBipin N. Savani, Sebastian Giebel, Fabio Ciceri, Mohamad Mohty

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Pre-transplant measurable residual disease (MRD) predicts relapse and outcome of allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). The impact of MRD on the outcomes of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy)-based allo-HCT from a matched unrelated donor (UD) is unknown. This study assessed the impact of MRD in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in the first complete remission (CR1). A total of 272 patients (MRD negative [MRD−], n = 165; MRD positive [MRD+], n = 107) with a median follow-up of 19 (range: 16–24) months were studied. The incidence of grades II–IV and grades III–IV acute GVHD at day 180 was 25.2% and 25% (p = 0.99), and 10.6% and 6.8% (p = 0.29), respectively, and 2-year chronic GVHD was 35% and 30.4% (p = 0.96) in MRD+ and MRD− cohorts, respectively. In multivariate analysis, MRD+ status was associated with a higher incidence of relapse (RI) (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.56, 95% CI: 1.39–4.72), lower leukaemia-free survival (LFS) (HR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.23–3.39), overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.04–3.25) and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (HR = 1.69, 95% CI: 1.10–2.58). MRD status did not have a significant impact on non-relapse mortality (NRM), or acute or chronic GVHD risk. Among patients with AML undergoing UD allo-HCT with PTCy, pre-transplant MRD+ status predicted a higher relapse rate, lower LFS, OS and GRFS.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Early online date2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

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