BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is unknown whether long-term growth hormone replacement therapy (GHRT) affects body composition in an age- or sex-dependent manner. We aimed to study the effects of 4 years of GHRT on body composition in a large cohort of patients with hypopituitarism compared to a reference population matched by age and sex. METHODS: A total of 964 GH-deficient adults from KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database) with adult-onset hypopituitarism, adequately replaced with all pituitary hormones except for GH at baseline were included. A random sample of the general population (2,301 subjects) from a similar time period was used as reference. Patients and controls were grouped by sex in 5 age cohorts of 10 years. Main outcome measures were changes in BMI and waist circumference after 4 years of GHRT. RESULTS: In younger patients (28-47 years), 4 years of GHRT resulted in a BMI increase similar to that observed in the reference population, but older patients (48-67 years) had significantly less BMI increase than age-matched healthy controls. Significant differences were seen in waist circumference in patients of all age cohorts who showed virtually no change after 4 years of GHRT compared to approximately 4 cm of increase in the reference population. CONCLUSION: Four years of GHRT resulted in improvements in BMI and waist circumference in patients with adult-onset hypopituitarism compared to age-matched controls observed during the same follow-up time. Despite these beneficial effects on body composition, BMI and waist circumference remained higher in patients on GHRT compared to healthy controls.
Postma, M. R., van Beek, A. P., Jönsson, P. J., van Bunderen, C. C., Drent, M. L., Mattsson, A. F., & Camacho-Hubner, C. (2019). Improvements in Body Composition after 4 Years of Growth Hormone Treatment in Adult-Onset Hypopituitarism Compared to Age-Matched Controls. Neuroendocrinology, 109(2), 131-140. https://doi.org/10.1159/000499430