Improving metabolic stability of fluorine-18 labeled verapamil analogs

Renske M Raaphorst, Gert Luurtsema, Cindy J Schokker, Khaled A Attia, Robert C Schuit, Philip H Elsinga, Adriaan A Lammertsma, Albert D Windhorst

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INTRODUCTION: Fluorine-18 labeled positron emission tomography (PET) tracers were developed to obtain more insight into the function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in relation to various conditions. They allow research in facilities without a cyclotron as they can be transported with a half-life of 110 min. As the metabolic stability of previously reported tracers [18F]1 and [18F]2 was poor, the purpose of this study was to improve this stability using deuterium substitution, creating verapamil analogs [18F]1-d4, [18F]2-d4, [18F]3-d3 and [18F]3-d7.

METHODS: The following deuterium containing tracers were synthesized and evaluated in mice and rats: [18F]1-d4, [18F]2-d4, [18F]3-d3 and [18F]3-d7.

RESULTS: The deuterated analogs [18F]2-d4, [18F]3-d3 and [18F]3-d7 showed increased metabolic stability compared with their non-deuterated counterparts. The increased metabolic stability of the methyl containing analogs [18F]3-d3 and [18F]3-d7 might be caused by steric hindrance for enzymes.

CONCLUSION: The striking similar in vivo behavior of [18F]3-d7 to that of (R)-[11C]verapamil, and its improved metabolic stability compared with the other fluorine-18 labeled tracers synthesized, supports the potential clinical translation of [18F]3-d7 as a PET radiopharmaceutical for P-gp evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2018

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