In vivo VEGF imaging with radiolabeled bevacizumab in a human ovarian tumor xenograft

Wouter B. Nagengast, Elisabeth G. De Vries*, Geke A. Hospers, Nanno H. Mulder, Johan R. De Jong, Harry Hollema, Adrienne H. Brouwers, Guus A. Van Dongen, Lars R. Perk, Marjolijn N. Lub-de Hooge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), released by tumor cells, is an important growth factor in tumor angiogenesis. The humanized monoclonal antibody bevacizumab blocks VEGF-induced tumor angiogenesis by binding, thereby neutralizing VEGF. Our aim was to develop radiolabeled bevacizumab for noninvasive in vivo VEGF visualization and quantification with the single γ-emitting isotope 111In and the PET isotope 89Zr. Methods: Labeling, stability, and binding studies were performed. Nude mice with a human SKOV-3 ovarian tumor xenograft were injected with 89Zr- bevacizumab, 111In-bevacizumab, or human 39Zr-IgG. Human 89Zr-IgG served as an aspecific control antibody. Small-animal PET and microCT studies were obtained at 24, 72, and 168 h after injection of 89Zr-bevacizumab and 89Zr-IgG (3.5 ± 0.5 MBq, 100 ± 6 μg, 0.2 mL [mean ± SD]). Small-animal PET and microCT images were fused to calculate tumor uptake and compared with ex vivo biodistribution at 168 h after injection. 89Zr- and 111In-bevacizumab ex vivo biodistribution was compared at 24, 72, and 168 h after injection (2.0 ± 0.5 MBq each, 100 ± 4 μg in total, 0.2 mL). Results: Labeling efficiencies, radiochemical purity, stability, and binding properties were optimal for the radioimmunoconjugates. Small-animal PET showed uptake in well-perfused organs at 24 h and clear tumor localization from 72 h onward. Tumor uptake determined by quantification of small-animal PET images was higher for 89Zr-bevacizumab-namely, 7.38 ± 2.06 %ID/g compared with 3.39 ± 1.16 %ID/g (percentage injected dose per gram) for human 89Zr-IgG (P = 0.011) at 168 h and equivalent to ex vivo biodistribution studies. Tracer uptake in other organs was seen primarily in liver and spleen. 89Zr-and 111In-bevacizumab biodistribution was comparable. Conclusion: Radiolabeled bevacizumab showed higher uptake compared with radiolabeled human IgG in a human SKOV-3 ovarian tumor xenograft. Noninvasive quantitative small-animal PET was similar to invasive ex vivo biodistribution. Radiolabeled bevacizumab is a new tracer for noninvasive in vivo imaging of VEGF in the tumor microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1313-1319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007

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