Increased prevalence of Barrett’s esophagus in patients with MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP)

Ceranza G. Daans, Zeinab Ghorbanoghli, Mary E. Velthuizen, Hans F.A. Vasen, George J.A. Offerhaus, Miangela M. Lacle, Peter D. Siersema, Margreet G.E.M. Ausems, Jurjen J. Boonstra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Barrett’s oesophagus (BE) has been associated with an increased risk of both colorectal adenomas and colorectal cancer. A recent investigation reported a high frequency of BE in patients with adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)-associated polyposis (FAP). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence of BE in a large cohort of patients with MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP) and APC-associated adenomatous polyposis. Patients with a genetically confirmed diagnosis of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or MAP were selected and upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy reports, pathology reports of upper GI biopsies were reviewed to determine the prevalence of BE in these patients. Histologically confirmed BE was found in 7 (9.7%) of 72 patients with MAP. The mean age of diagnosis was 60.2 years (range 54.1–72.4 years). Two patients initially diagnosed with low grade dysplasia showed fast progression into high grade dysplasia and esophageal cancer, respectively. Only 4 (1.4%) of 365 patients with FAP were found to have pathologically confirmed BE. The prevalence of BE in patients with MAP is much higher than reported in the general population. We recommend that upper GI surveillance of patients with MAP should not only focus on the detection of gastric and duodenal adenomas but also on the presence of BE.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalFamilial Cancer
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jan 2020

Cite this

Daans, C. G., Ghorbanoghli, Z., Velthuizen, M. E., Vasen, H. F. A., Offerhaus, G. J. A., Lacle, M. M., ... Boonstra, J. J. (2020). Increased prevalence of Barrett’s esophagus in patients with MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP). Familial Cancer, 19(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10689-020-00162-9