Influence of prednisolone on parameters of de novo lipogenesis and indices for stearoyl-CoA- and Δ6- desaturase activity in healthy males: A Post-hoc analysis of a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial

I. G. Pranger, D. H. van Raalte, M. Brands, M. H. A. Muskiet, I. P. Kema, M. J. Serlie, M. Diamant, S. J. L. Bakker, F. A. J. Muskiet

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Abstract

Glucocorticoid treatment decreases liver insulin sensitivity and may modify fatty acid metabolism. We investigated the influence of oral prednisolone on indices for de novo lipogenesis (DNLi), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCDi) and Δ6-desaturase (D6Di) activity in healthy males. In addition, we explored whether the changes may be associated with prednisolone-induced changes in glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Thirty-two healthy young males (mean ± SD age 22 ± 3 years, BMI 22.4 ± 1.7 kg/m2) were allocated to receive prednisolone 7.5 mg/day (PRED7.5; n = 12), prednisolone 30 mg/day (PRED30; n = 12), or placebo (n = 8) in a randomized double-blind fashion for 2 weeks. Fatty acid compositions of plasma cholesteryl esters (CE), phospholipids (PL) and triglycerides (TG) were measured at baseline and on day 14. DNLi, SCDi and D6Di were estimated from product/precursor ratios in CE, with DNLi primary deriving from 16:1ω7/18:2ω6, SCDi from 16:1ω7/16:0 and D6Di from 22:6ω3/20:5ω3. Ratios were also assessed in PL and TG. In CE, PRED30 increased DNLi by 51.2 [95%CI 14.8; 87.6]%, increased SCDi by 48.6 [18.7; 78.5]%, and decreased D6Di by 57.7 [-91.8; -23.5]% (p ≤ 0.01 for all, compared to placebo). The prednisolone-induced increases in DNLi and SCDi were positively correlated with insulin sensitivity (r = 0.35 and 0.50, respectively). Similar results were found in PL and TG. Prednisolone dose-dependently increases DNLi and SCDi and decreases D6Di in plasma CE, PL and TG in healthy males after 2 weeks. The observed unfavorable effects on fatty acid metabolism were related to the induction of glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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