Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Hyun Ji Noh, Ruqi Tang, Jason Flannick, Colm O'dushlaine, Ross Swofford, Daniel Howrigan, Diane P. Genereux, Jeremy Johnson, Gerard Van Grootheest, Edna Grünblatt, Erik Andersson, Diana R. Djurfeldt, Paresh D. Patel, Michele Koltookian, Christina M. Hultman, Michele T. Pato, Carlos N. Pato, Steven A. Rasmussen, Michael A. Jenike, Gregory L. Hanna & 12 others S. Evelyn Stewart, James A. Knowles, Stephan Ruhrmann, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Michael Wagner, Christian Rück, Carol A. Mathews, Susanne Walitza, Daniëlle C. Cath, Guoping Feng, Elinor K. Karlsson, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a severe psychiatric disorder linked to abnormalities in glutamate signaling and the cortico-striatal circuit. We sequenced coding and regulatory elements for 608 genes potentially involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder in human, dog, and mouse. Using a new method that prioritizes likely functional variants, we compared 592 cases to 560 controls and found four strongly associated genes, validated in a larger cohort. NRXN1 and HTR2A are enriched for coding variants altering postsynaptic protein-binding domains. CTTNBP2 (synapse maintenance) and REEP3 (vesicle trafficking) are enriched for regulatory variants, of which at least six (35%) alter transcription factor-DNA binding in neuroblastoma cells. NRXN1 achieves genome-wide significance (p = 6.37 × 10-11) when we include 33,370 population-matched controls. Our findings suggest synaptic adhesion as a key component in compulsive behaviors, and show that targeted sequencing plus functional annotation can identify potentially causative variants, even when genomic data are limited.

Original languageEnglish
Article number774
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Cite this

Noh, Hyun Ji ; Tang, Ruqi ; Flannick, Jason ; O'dushlaine, Colm ; Swofford, Ross ; Howrigan, Daniel ; Genereux, Diane P. ; Johnson, Jeremy ; Van Grootheest, Gerard ; Grünblatt, Edna ; Andersson, Erik ; Djurfeldt, Diana R. ; Patel, Paresh D. ; Koltookian, Michele ; Hultman, Christina M. ; Pato, Michele T. ; Pato, Carlos N. ; Rasmussen, Steven A. ; Jenike, Michael A. ; Hanna, Gregory L. ; Stewart, S. Evelyn ; Knowles, James A. ; Ruhrmann, Stephan ; Grabe, Hans Jörgen ; Wagner, Michael ; Rück, Christian ; Mathews, Carol A. ; Walitza, Susanne ; Cath, Daniëlle C. ; Feng, Guoping ; Karlsson, Elinor K. ; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin. / Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder. In: Nature Communications. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. 1.
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title = "Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder",
abstract = "Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a severe psychiatric disorder linked to abnormalities in glutamate signaling and the cortico-striatal circuit. We sequenced coding and regulatory elements for 608 genes potentially involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder in human, dog, and mouse. Using a new method that prioritizes likely functional variants, we compared 592 cases to 560 controls and found four strongly associated genes, validated in a larger cohort. NRXN1 and HTR2A are enriched for coding variants altering postsynaptic protein-binding domains. CTTNBP2 (synapse maintenance) and REEP3 (vesicle trafficking) are enriched for regulatory variants, of which at least six (35{\%}) alter transcription factor-DNA binding in neuroblastoma cells. NRXN1 achieves genome-wide significance (p = 6.37 × 10-11) when we include 33,370 population-matched controls. Our findings suggest synaptic adhesion as a key component in compulsive behaviors, and show that targeted sequencing plus functional annotation can identify potentially causative variants, even when genomic data are limited.",
author = "Noh, {Hyun Ji} and Ruqi Tang and Jason Flannick and Colm O'dushlaine and Ross Swofford and Daniel Howrigan and Genereux, {Diane P.} and Jeremy Johnson and {Van Grootheest}, Gerard and Edna Gr{\"u}nblatt and Erik Andersson and Djurfeldt, {Diana R.} and Patel, {Paresh D.} and Michele Koltookian and Hultman, {Christina M.} and Pato, {Michele T.} and Pato, {Carlos N.} and Rasmussen, {Steven A.} and Jenike, {Michael A.} and Hanna, {Gregory L.} and Stewart, {S. Evelyn} and Knowles, {James A.} and Stephan Ruhrmann and Grabe, {Hans J{\"o}rgen} and Michael Wagner and Christian R{\"u}ck and Mathews, {Carol A.} and Susanne Walitza and Cath, {Dani{\"e}lle C.} and Guoping Feng and Karlsson, {Elinor K.} and Kerstin Lindblad-Toh",
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Noh, HJ, Tang, R, Flannick, J, O'dushlaine, C, Swofford, R, Howrigan, D, Genereux, DP, Johnson, J, Van Grootheest, G, Grünblatt, E, Andersson, E, Djurfeldt, DR, Patel, PD, Koltookian, M, Hultman, CM, Pato, MT, Pato, CN, Rasmussen, SA, Jenike, MA, Hanna, GL, Stewart, SE, Knowles, JA, Ruhrmann, S, Grabe, HJ, Wagner, M, Rück, C, Mathews, CA, Walitza, S, Cath, DC, Feng, G, Karlsson, EK & Lindblad-Toh, K 2017, 'Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder' Nature Communications, vol. 8, no. 1, 774. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00831-x

Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder. / Noh, Hyun Ji; Tang, Ruqi; Flannick, Jason; O'dushlaine, Colm; Swofford, Ross; Howrigan, Daniel; Genereux, Diane P.; Johnson, Jeremy; Van Grootheest, Gerard; Grünblatt, Edna; Andersson, Erik; Djurfeldt, Diana R.; Patel, Paresh D.; Koltookian, Michele; Hultman, Christina M.; Pato, Michele T.; Pato, Carlos N.; Rasmussen, Steven A.; Jenike, Michael A.; Hanna, Gregory L.; Stewart, S. Evelyn; Knowles, James A.; Ruhrmann, Stephan; Grabe, Hans Jörgen; Wagner, Michael; Rück, Christian; Mathews, Carol A.; Walitza, Susanne; Cath, Daniëlle C.; Feng, Guoping; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 8, No. 1, 774, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Integrating evolutionary and regulatory information with a multispecies approach implicates genes and pathways in obsessive-compulsive disorder

AU - Noh, Hyun Ji

AU - Tang, Ruqi

AU - Flannick, Jason

AU - O'dushlaine, Colm

AU - Swofford, Ross

AU - Howrigan, Daniel

AU - Genereux, Diane P.

AU - Johnson, Jeremy

AU - Van Grootheest, Gerard

AU - Grünblatt, Edna

AU - Andersson, Erik

AU - Djurfeldt, Diana R.

AU - Patel, Paresh D.

AU - Koltookian, Michele

AU - Hultman, Christina M.

AU - Pato, Michele T.

AU - Pato, Carlos N.

AU - Rasmussen, Steven A.

AU - Jenike, Michael A.

AU - Hanna, Gregory L.

AU - Stewart, S. Evelyn

AU - Knowles, James A.

AU - Ruhrmann, Stephan

AU - Grabe, Hans Jörgen

AU - Wagner, Michael

AU - Rück, Christian

AU - Mathews, Carol A.

AU - Walitza, Susanne

AU - Cath, Daniëlle C.

AU - Feng, Guoping

AU - Karlsson, Elinor K.

AU - Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a severe psychiatric disorder linked to abnormalities in glutamate signaling and the cortico-striatal circuit. We sequenced coding and regulatory elements for 608 genes potentially involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder in human, dog, and mouse. Using a new method that prioritizes likely functional variants, we compared 592 cases to 560 controls and found four strongly associated genes, validated in a larger cohort. NRXN1 and HTR2A are enriched for coding variants altering postsynaptic protein-binding domains. CTTNBP2 (synapse maintenance) and REEP3 (vesicle trafficking) are enriched for regulatory variants, of which at least six (35%) alter transcription factor-DNA binding in neuroblastoma cells. NRXN1 achieves genome-wide significance (p = 6.37 × 10-11) when we include 33,370 population-matched controls. Our findings suggest synaptic adhesion as a key component in compulsive behaviors, and show that targeted sequencing plus functional annotation can identify potentially causative variants, even when genomic data are limited.

AB - Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a severe psychiatric disorder linked to abnormalities in glutamate signaling and the cortico-striatal circuit. We sequenced coding and regulatory elements for 608 genes potentially involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder in human, dog, and mouse. Using a new method that prioritizes likely functional variants, we compared 592 cases to 560 controls and found four strongly associated genes, validated in a larger cohort. NRXN1 and HTR2A are enriched for coding variants altering postsynaptic protein-binding domains. CTTNBP2 (synapse maintenance) and REEP3 (vesicle trafficking) are enriched for regulatory variants, of which at least six (35%) alter transcription factor-DNA binding in neuroblastoma cells. NRXN1 achieves genome-wide significance (p = 6.37 × 10-11) when we include 33,370 population-matched controls. Our findings suggest synaptic adhesion as a key component in compulsive behaviors, and show that targeted sequencing plus functional annotation can identify potentially causative variants, even when genomic data are limited.

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JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

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