Interaction Between Primary Tumor Resection, Primary Tumor Location, and Survival in Synchronous Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Population-Based Study

Dave E. W. van der Kruijssen, Nelleke P. M. Brouwer, Auke J. S. van der Kuil, Rob H. A. Verhoeven, Sjoerd G. Elias, Geraldine R. Vink, Cornelis J. A. Punt, Johannes H. W. de Wilt, Miriam Koopman

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Objectives: Location of the primary tumor has prognostic value and predicts the effect of certain therapeutics in synchronous metastatic colorectal cancer. We investigated whether the association between primary tumor resection (PTR) and overall survival (OS) also depends on tumor location. Methods: Data on synchronous metastatic colorectal cancer patients from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (n=16,106) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry (n=19,584) were extracted. Cox models using time-varying covariates were implemented. Median OS for right-sided colon cancer (RCC), left-sided colon cancer, and rectal cancer was calculated using inverse probability weighting and a landmark point of 6 months after diagnosis as reference. Results: The association between PTR and OS was dependent on tumor location (P<0.05), with a higher median OS of upfront PTR versus upfront systemic therapy in Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR) of 1.9 (95% confidence interval: 0.9-2.8), 4.3 (3.3-5.6), and 3.4 (0.6-7.6) months in RCC, left-sided colon cancer and rectal cancer, respectively. In SEER data, the difference was 6.0 (4.0-8.0), 8.0 (5.0-10.0), and 10.0 (7.0-13.0) months, respectively. Hazard plots indicate a higher hazard of death 2 to 3 months after PTR in RCC. Conclusion: Upfront PTR is associated with improved survival regardless of primary tumor location. Patients with RCC appear to have less benefit because of higher mortality during 2 to 3 months after PTR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

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