The goal of this study was to investigate the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) of a single tumour growing intraperitoneally. For this purpose the CC531 colon carcinoma, implanted in an intraperitoneal fat pad of Wag/RijA rats, was treated with intraperitoneal photodynamic therapy (IPPDT) using Photofrin as the photosensitiser. Two illumination techniques have been compared. An invasive illumination technique using Perspex blocks to illuminate 30 cm2 of the lower abdomen gave a significant delay in tumour growth with 25 J cm-2 applied 1 day after Photofrin. A minimally invasive illumination technique using a balloon catheter to illuminate 14 cm2 resulted in an equivalent growth delay with 75 J cm-2. The route of administration of the photosensitiser did not influence regrowth times of the tumour. Mitomycin C (MMC), a bioreductive agent, was used to exploit the known PDT-induced hypoxia. The combination of IPPDT with MMC resulted in an increased tumoricidal effect. In conclusion, IPPDT led to a significant growth delay for a single tumour implanted intraperitoneally and repetition of the PDT treatment was possible using a minimally invasive illumination technique. Repealed treatments resulted in increased tumour response.