Is Textbook Outcome a valuable composite measure for short-term outcomes of gastrointestinal treatments in the Netherlands using hospital information system data? A retrospective cohort study

N. wel Salet, Rolf H. Bremmer, Marc A. M. T. Verhagen, Vivian E. Ekkelenkamp, Bettina E. Hansen, Pieter J. F. de Jonge, Rob A. de Man

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Abstract

Objective To develop a feasible model for monitoring short-term outcome of clinical care trajectories for hospitals in the Netherlands using data obtained from hospital information systems for identifying hospital variation. Study design Retrospective analysis of collected data from hospital information systems combined with clinical indicator definitions to define and compare short-term outcomes for three gastrointestinal pathways using the concept of Textbook Outcome. Setting 62 Dutch hospitals. Participants 45 848 unique gastrointestinal patients discharged in 2015. Main outcome measure A broad range of clinical outcomes including length of stay, reintervention, readmission and doctor-patient counselling. Results Patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for gallstone disease (n=4369), colonoscopy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; n=19 330) and colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening (n=22 149) were submitted to five suitable clinical indicators per treatment. The percentage of all patients who met all five criteria was 54%±9% (SD) for ERCP treatment. For IBD this was 47%±7% of the patients, and for colon cancer screening this number was 85%±14%. Conclusion This study shows that reusing data obtained from hospital information systems combined with clinical indicator definitions can be used to express short-term outcomes using the concept of Textbook Outcome without any excess registration. This information can provide meaningful insight into the clinical care trajectory on the level of individual patient care. Furthermore, this concept can be applied to many clinical trajectories within gastroenterology and beyond for monitoring and improving the clinical pathway and outcome for patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere019405
JournalBMJ Open
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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