Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe: A Modified Delphi Study

the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP), David J. Brinkman, Jelle Tichelaar, Lidwine B. Mokkink, Thierry Christiaens, Robert Likic, Romaldas Maciulaitis, Joao Costa, Emilio J. Sanz, Milan C. Richir, Michiel A. van Agtmael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Harmonizing clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CPT) education in Europe is necessary to ensure that the prescribing competency of future doctors is of a uniform high standard. As there are currently no uniform requirements, our aim was to achieve consensus on key learning outcomes for undergraduate CPT education in Europe. We used a modified Delphi method consisting of three questionnaire rounds and a panel meeting. A total of 129 experts from 27 European countries were asked to rate 307 learning outcomes. In all, 92 experts (71%) completed all three questionnaire rounds, and 33 experts (26%) attended the meeting. 232 learning outcomes from the original list, 15 newly suggested and 5 rephrased outcomes were included. These 252 learning outcomes should be included in undergraduate CPT curricula to ensure that European graduates are able to prescribe safely and effectively. We provide a blueprint of a European core curriculum describing when and how the learning outcomes might be acquired.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-325
JournalClinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume104
Issue number2
Early online date5 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP), Brinkman, D. J., Tichelaar, J., Mokkink, L. B., Christiaens, T., Likic, R., ... van Agtmael, M. A. (2018). Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe: A Modified Delphi Study. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 104(2), 317-325. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpt.962
the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP) ; Brinkman, David J. ; Tichelaar, Jelle ; Mokkink, Lidwine B. ; Christiaens, Thierry ; Likic, Robert ; Maciulaitis, Romaldas ; Costa, Joao ; Sanz, Emilio J. ; Richir, Milan C. ; van Agtmael, Michiel A. / Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe : A Modified Delphi Study. In: Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2018 ; Vol. 104, No. 2. pp. 317-325.
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the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP), Brinkman, DJ, Tichelaar, J, Mokkink, LB, Christiaens, T, Likic, R, Maciulaitis, R, Costa, J, Sanz, EJ, Richir, MC & van Agtmael, MA 2018, 'Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe: A Modified Delphi Study' Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 317-325. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpt.962

Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe : A Modified Delphi Study. / the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP) ; Brinkman, David J.; Tichelaar, Jelle; Mokkink, Lidwine B.; Christiaens, Thierry; Likic, Robert; Maciulaitis, Romaldas; Costa, Joao; Sanz, Emilio J.; Richir, Milan C.; van Agtmael, Michiel A.

In: Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Vol. 104, No. 2, 2018, p. 317-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe

T2 - A Modified Delphi Study

AU - the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP)

AU - Brinkman, David J.

AU - Tichelaar, Jelle

AU - Mokkink, Lidwine B.

AU - Christiaens, Thierry

AU - Likic, Robert

AU - Maciulaitis, Romaldas

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AU - Sanz, Emilio J.

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AU - Richir, Milan C.

AU - van Agtmael, Michiel A.

AU - Lefebvre, Romain

AU - Kostadinova, Ivanka

AU - Ganeva, Maria

AU - Atanasova, Ivanka

AU - Gatchev, Emil

AU - Stavreva, Gayla

AU - Vitezic, Dinko

AU - Matanovic, Suzana

AU - Wozniak, Greta

AU - Nicolaou, Persoulla

AU - Urbanek, Karel

AU - Slanar, Ondrej

AU - Kmonickova, Eva

AU - Demlova, Regina

AU - Bergmann, Troels

AU - Damkier, Per

AU - Kalda, Anti

AU - Huupponen, Risto

AU - Backman, Janne

AU - Drici, Milou-Daniel

AU - Deplanque, Dominique

AU - Molimard, Mathieu

AU - Toussirot, Eric

AU - Pers, Yves-Marie

AU - Bertin, Philippe

AU - Laviolle, Bruno

AU - Jeunne, Claire le

AU - Saulnier, Pierre-Jean

AU - Chamontin, Bernard

AU - Roustit, Matthieu

AU - Orlikowski, David

AU - Simon, Nicolas

AU - Dequin, Pierre-Francois

AU - Angoulvant, Theodora

AU - Bolbrinker, Juliane

AU - Wojnowski, Leszek

AU - Cascorbi, Ingolf

AU - Müller, Frank

AU - Müller, Slike

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AB - Harmonizing clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CPT) education in Europe is necessary to ensure that the prescribing competency of future doctors is of a uniform high standard. As there are currently no uniform requirements, our aim was to achieve consensus on key learning outcomes for undergraduate CPT education in Europe. We used a modified Delphi method consisting of three questionnaire rounds and a panel meeting. A total of 129 experts from 27 European countries were asked to rate 307 learning outcomes. In all, 92 experts (71%) completed all three questionnaire rounds, and 33 experts (26%) attended the meeting. 232 learning outcomes from the original list, 15 newly suggested and 5 rephrased outcomes were included. These 252 learning outcomes should be included in undergraduate CPT curricula to ensure that European graduates are able to prescribe safely and effectively. We provide a blueprint of a European core curriculum describing when and how the learning outcomes might be acquired.

KW - Journal Article

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UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29205299

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the Education Working Group of the European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (EACPT) and its affiliated Network of Teachers in Pharmacotherapy (NOTIP), Brinkman DJ, Tichelaar J, Mokkink LB, Christiaens T, Likic R et al. Key Learning Outcomes for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Education in Europe: A Modified Delphi Study. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 2018;104(2):317-325. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpt.962