Lack of interest in physical activity - individual and environmental attributes in adults across Europe: The SPOTLIGHT project

Eliana V Carraça, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Jeroen Lakerveld, Harry Rutter, Jean-Michel Oppert, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sofie Compernolle, Célina Roda, Helga Bardos, Pedro J Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A considerable proportion of European adults report little or no interest in physical activity. Identifying individual-level and environmental-level characteristics of these individuals can help designing effective interventions and policies to promote physical activity. This cross-sectional study additionally explored associations between level of interest and physical activity, after controlling for other individual and environmental variables. Measures of objective and perceived features of the physical environment of residence, self-reported physical activity and other lifestyle behaviors, barriers towards physical activity, general health, and demographics were obtained from 5205 European adults participating in the 2014 online SPOTLIGHT survey. t-Tests, chi-square tests, and generalized estimating equations with negative binomial log-link function were conducted. Adults not interested in physical activity reported a higher BMI and a lower self-rated health, were less educated, and to a smaller extent female and less frequently employed. They were more prone to have less healthy eating habits, and to perceive more barriers towards physical activity. Only minor differences were observed in environmental attributes: the non-interested were slightly more likely to live in neighborhoods objectively characterized as less aesthetic and containing more destinations, and perceived as less functional, safe, and aesthetic. Even after controlling for other individual and environmental factors, interest in physical activity remained a significant correlate of physical activity, supporting the importance of this association. This study is among the first to describe characteristics of individuals with reduced interest in physical activity, suggesting that (lack of) interest is a robust correlate of physical activity in several personal and environmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Cite this

Carraça, Eliana V ; Mackenbach, Joreintje D ; Lakerveld, Jeroen ; Rutter, Harry ; Oppert, Jean-Michel ; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse ; Compernolle, Sofie ; Roda, Célina ; Bardos, Helga ; Teixeira, Pedro J. / Lack of interest in physical activity - individual and environmental attributes in adults across Europe : The SPOTLIGHT project. In: Preventive Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 111. pp. 41-48.
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abstract = "A considerable proportion of European adults report little or no interest in physical activity. Identifying individual-level and environmental-level characteristics of these individuals can help designing effective interventions and policies to promote physical activity. This cross-sectional study additionally explored associations between level of interest and physical activity, after controlling for other individual and environmental variables. Measures of objective and perceived features of the physical environment of residence, self-reported physical activity and other lifestyle behaviors, barriers towards physical activity, general health, and demographics were obtained from 5205 European adults participating in the 2014 online SPOTLIGHT survey. t-Tests, chi-square tests, and generalized estimating equations with negative binomial log-link function were conducted. Adults not interested in physical activity reported a higher BMI and a lower self-rated health, were less educated, and to a smaller extent female and less frequently employed. They were more prone to have less healthy eating habits, and to perceive more barriers towards physical activity. Only minor differences were observed in environmental attributes: the non-interested were slightly more likely to live in neighborhoods objectively characterized as less aesthetic and containing more destinations, and perceived as less functional, safe, and aesthetic. Even after controlling for other individual and environmental factors, interest in physical activity remained a significant correlate of physical activity, supporting the importance of this association. This study is among the first to describe characteristics of individuals with reduced interest in physical activity, suggesting that (lack of) interest is a robust correlate of physical activity in several personal and environmental conditions.",
author = "Carra{\cc}a, {Eliana V} and Mackenbach, {Joreintje D} and Jeroen Lakerveld and Harry Rutter and Jean-Michel Oppert and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, Ilse and Sofie Compernolle and C{\'e}lina Roda and Helga Bardos and Teixeira, {Pedro J}",
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language = "English",
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Lack of interest in physical activity - individual and environmental attributes in adults across Europe : The SPOTLIGHT project. / Carraça, Eliana V; Mackenbach, Joreintje D; Lakerveld, Jeroen; Rutter, Harry; Oppert, Jean-Michel; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Compernolle, Sofie; Roda, Célina; Bardos, Helga; Teixeira, Pedro J.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 111, 06.2018, p. 41-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T2 - The SPOTLIGHT project

AU - Carraça, Eliana V

AU - Mackenbach, Joreintje D

AU - Lakerveld, Jeroen

AU - Rutter, Harry

AU - Oppert, Jean-Michel

AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

AU - Compernolle, Sofie

AU - Roda, Célina

AU - Bardos, Helga

AU - Teixeira, Pedro J

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - A considerable proportion of European adults report little or no interest in physical activity. Identifying individual-level and environmental-level characteristics of these individuals can help designing effective interventions and policies to promote physical activity. This cross-sectional study additionally explored associations between level of interest and physical activity, after controlling for other individual and environmental variables. Measures of objective and perceived features of the physical environment of residence, self-reported physical activity and other lifestyle behaviors, barriers towards physical activity, general health, and demographics were obtained from 5205 European adults participating in the 2014 online SPOTLIGHT survey. t-Tests, chi-square tests, and generalized estimating equations with negative binomial log-link function were conducted. Adults not interested in physical activity reported a higher BMI and a lower self-rated health, were less educated, and to a smaller extent female and less frequently employed. They were more prone to have less healthy eating habits, and to perceive more barriers towards physical activity. Only minor differences were observed in environmental attributes: the non-interested were slightly more likely to live in neighborhoods objectively characterized as less aesthetic and containing more destinations, and perceived as less functional, safe, and aesthetic. Even after controlling for other individual and environmental factors, interest in physical activity remained a significant correlate of physical activity, supporting the importance of this association. This study is among the first to describe characteristics of individuals with reduced interest in physical activity, suggesting that (lack of) interest is a robust correlate of physical activity in several personal and environmental conditions.

AB - A considerable proportion of European adults report little or no interest in physical activity. Identifying individual-level and environmental-level characteristics of these individuals can help designing effective interventions and policies to promote physical activity. This cross-sectional study additionally explored associations between level of interest and physical activity, after controlling for other individual and environmental variables. Measures of objective and perceived features of the physical environment of residence, self-reported physical activity and other lifestyle behaviors, barriers towards physical activity, general health, and demographics were obtained from 5205 European adults participating in the 2014 online SPOTLIGHT survey. t-Tests, chi-square tests, and generalized estimating equations with negative binomial log-link function were conducted. Adults not interested in physical activity reported a higher BMI and a lower self-rated health, were less educated, and to a smaller extent female and less frequently employed. They were more prone to have less healthy eating habits, and to perceive more barriers towards physical activity. Only minor differences were observed in environmental attributes: the non-interested were slightly more likely to live in neighborhoods objectively characterized as less aesthetic and containing more destinations, and perceived as less functional, safe, and aesthetic. Even after controlling for other individual and environmental factors, interest in physical activity remained a significant correlate of physical activity, supporting the importance of this association. This study is among the first to describe characteristics of individuals with reduced interest in physical activity, suggesting that (lack of) interest is a robust correlate of physical activity in several personal and environmental conditions.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.02.021

DO - 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.02.021

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 41

EP - 48

JO - Preventive Medicine

JF - Preventive Medicine

SN - 0091-7435

ER -