Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the results of clinical studies on laparoscopic surgery for aorto-iliac disease. Methods: A systematic review of the literature from 1966 to September 2006 on laparoscopic and robotic vascular surgery was performed. Only patient series containing more than 5 cases were included. Operative, clamping and anastomosis times, conversion, mortality and morbidity and hospital stay were evaluated. Results: Thirty studies were identified. These were all descriptive and included 9 comparative studies. Operative times varied widely, the shortest being for hand-assisted procedures (2.5-4 hours) and the longest for totally laparoscopic procedures (4-6.5 hours). Clamping times were all < 1 hour in hand-assisted procedures while in other techniques clamping times from 1-2.5 hours were seen. The conversion rate varied from <5% up to 16% in smaller series. The mortality rate was approximately 5% and frequently caused by cardiac ischemia. A variety of problems ranging from minor local wound problems to cardiopulmonary- and renal insufficiency, bleeding, ureter lesions and graft thrombosis were described. Mean hospital stay for nearly all procedures was <1 week. Conclusions: Experience of laparoscopic surgery for aorto-iliac disease is still limited. Most study results are biased by patient selection. Only a few surgeons have mastered the required surgical technique and more data are needed to asses the clinical potential of this type of surgery, in comparison with the endovascular alternative. For wider implementation simplification of the surgical procedure seems necessary.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2007|