Life-threatening infections in children in Europe (the EUCLIDS Project): a prospective cohort study

Federico Martinón-Torres, Antonio Salas, Jose Gómez Rial, Irene Rivero-Calle, Alba Palacios, A. Marceline van Furth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Sepsis and severe focal infections represent a substantial disease burden in children admitted to hospital. We aimed to understand the burden of disease and outcomes in children with life-threatening bacterial infections in Europe. Methods: The European Union Childhood Life-threatening Infectious Disease Study (EUCLIDS) was a prospective, multicentre, cohort study done in six countries in Europe. Patients aged 1 month to 18 years with sepsis (or suspected sepsis) or severe focal infections, admitted to 98 participating hospitals in the UK, Austria, Germany, Lithuania, Spain, and the Netherlands were prospectively recruited between July 1, 2012, and Dec 31, 2015. To assess disease burden and outcomes, we collected demographic and clinical data using a secured web-based platform and obtained microbiological data using locally available clinical diagnostic procedures. Findings: 2844 patients were recruited and included in the analysis. 1512 (53·2%) of 2841 patients were male and median age was 39·1 months (IQR 12·4–93·9). 1229 (43·2%) patients had sepsis and 1615 (56·8%) had severe focal infections. Patients diagnosed with sepsis had a median age of 27·6 months (IQR 9·0–80·2), whereas those diagnosed with severe focal infections had a median age of 46·5 months (15·8–100·4; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-414
Number of pages11
JournalThe Lancet Child and Adolescent Health
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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