Immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis is characterized by the deposition of amyloid fibers derived from pathologic immunoglobulin light chains. Although systemic plasma cell neoplasms are the most common cause of AL amyloidosis, a subset of cases is caused by B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders such as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma or extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Recently, SOX11-negative IGH hypermutated mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is recognized to show frequent plasmacytic differentiation and indolent clinical course. Here, we report 3 cases of peritumoral AL amyloidosis associated with SOX11-negative MCL. All 3 cases showed cyclin D1 expression by immunohistochemistry and CCND1 translocation as detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. Peritumoral AL amyloidosis was observed at the biopsy sites in the gastrointestinal tract, a supraclavicular lymph node, and a cervical lymph node, and all presented with marked plasmacytic differentiation of lymphoma cells. None of the cases showed evidence of bone marrow involvement by morphology and immunophenotyping. None of the patients had distant organ involvement with systemic amyloidosis. All 3 patients had an indolent clinical course and are alive with disease at the time of the last follow-up (range: 48 to 74 mo). Our findings show that MCL with plasmacytic differentiation can cause amyloid deposition and CCND1 abnormalities should be performed in all cases of extramedullary AL amyloidosis. Recognition of indolent MCL as a cause of peritumoral AL amyloidosis may have important clinical management implications.
|Journal||American Journal of Surgical Pathology|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Feb 2021|