Lonely but not alone: Emotional isolation and social isolation as two distinct dimensions of loneliness in older people

Berna van Baarsen, Tom A.B. Snijders, Johannes H. Smit, Marijtje A.J. van Duijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The unidimensional nature of the De Jong-Gierveld Loneliness Scale is investigated. The internal properties of the scale scores were studied using item response theory, supplemented by an external validity study. In line with the theory of relational loneliness, the results stress the significance of distinguishing between emotional loneliness and social loneliness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-135
Number of pages17
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2001

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