Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Brigatinib in Crizotinib-Refractory ALK+ NSCLC: Final Results of the Phase 1/2 and Randomized Phase 2 (ALTA) Trials

Scott N. Gettinger*, Rudolf M. Huber, Dong-Wan Kim, Lyudmila Bazhenova, Karin Holmskov Hansen, Marcello Tiseo, Corey J. Langer, Luis G. Paz-Ares Rodríguez, Howard L. West, Karen L. Reckamp, Glen J. Weiss, Egbert F. Smit, Maximilian J. Hochmair, Sang-We Kim, Myung-Ju Ahn, Edward S. Kim, Harry J. M. Groen, Joanna Pye, Yuyin Liu, Pingkuan ZhangFlorin Vranceanu, D. Ross Camidge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction: We report brigatinib long-term efficacy and safety from phase 1/2 and phase 2 (ALTA) trials in ALK–rearrangement positive (ALK+) NSCLC. Methods: The phase 1/2 study evaluated brigatinib 30 to 300 mg/d in patients with advanced malignancies. ALTA randomized patients with crizotinib-refractory ALK+ NSCLC to brigatinib 90 mg once daily (arm A) or 180 mg once daily (7-d lead-in at 90 mg; arm B). Results: In the phase 1/2 study, 79 of 137 brigatinib-treated patients had ALK+ NSCLC; 71 were crizotinib pretreated. ALTA randomized 222 patients (n = 112 in arm A; n = 110 in arm B). Median follow-up at phase 1/2 study end (≈5.6 y after last patient enrolled) was 27.7 months; at ALTA study end (≈4.4 y after last patient enrolled), 19.6 months (A) and 28.3 months (B). Among patients with ALK+ NSCLC in the phase 1/2 study, median investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) was 14.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.8–21.2); median overall survival was 47.6 months (28.6–not reached). In ALTA, median investigator-assessed PFS was 9.2 months (7.4–11.1) in arm A and 15.6 months (11.1–18.5) in arm B; median independent review committee (IRC)-assessed PFS was 9.9 (7.4–12.8) and 16.7 (11.6–21.4) months, respectively; median overall survival was 25.9 (18.2–45.8) and 40.6 (32.5–not reached) months, respectively. Median intracranial PFS for patients with any brain metastases was 12.8 (9.2–18.4) months in arm A and 18.4 (12.6–23.9) months in arm B. No new safety signals were identified versus previous analyses. Conclusions: Brigatinib exhibited sustained long-term activity and PFS with manageable safety in patients with crizotinib-refractory ALK+ NSCLC.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100385
JournalJTO Clinical and Research Reports
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022

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