A 37-year-old patient with bilateral keratoconus underwent a perforating cornea transplantation after acute onset of pain and hydrops of the right cornea. One day after operation endophthalmitis developed, caused by a viridans streptococcus. Hyper-IgE syndrome was suspected because of the patient's crude facial features. His medical history brought up additional symptoms of this disease. IgE levels were extremely elevated (7320 kU/l), the eosinophil count was slightly raised (0.25 x 10(9)/l). The patient was treated with several local antibiotics but his vision was only light perception at the time of discharge from the hospital. This case illustrates how an usually successful operation may have a disastrous outcome in case of late diagnosis of the hyper-IgE syndrome. The hyper-IgE syndrome can be recognized by the characteristic facial features in combination with the often extensive (juvenile) medical history with infections, and by elevated serum IgE levels. As patients with the hyper-IgE syndrome are extremely susceptible to develop infections, prophylactic antibiotic therapy is indicated in surgical procedures.
|Translated title of the contribution||Loss of an eye due to hyper-IgE syndrome after corneal transplantation|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Jan 2001|