Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of sulprostone (nalador®) for labour induction in the event of foetal death or foetal malformations. Study design: Retrospective analysis of 284 women with intrauterine foetal death (n=137), or foetal abnormalities (n=147), who underwent labour induction with sulprostone in a continuous dose of 1μg/min intravenously. Results: All but three women had a successful vaginal delivery. The median induction-expulsion interval was significantly shorter (12h) in the foetal death group compared to the foetal malformation group (25h). Two uterine ruptures were recorded, one in a woman with a uterine anomaly, and one in a woman with a previous caesarean section. There were no other complications. Gestational age had a significant influence on spontaneous expulsion of the placenta: before 24 weeks 55%, and after 24 weeks 82% spontaneous expulsion. For the chance of a neonate born with signs of life, parity was the only significant determinant. Conclusions: The use of intravenous sulprostone in a low continuous dose is both effective and safe. In addition, this study does not support former opinions that smoking and advanced maternal age are contraindications.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2001|