Ondervoeding door een extreem gezondheidsdieet: EEN NIEUWE EETSTOORNIS?

Translated title of the contribution: Malnutrition due to an extremely 'healthy' diet; A new eating disorder?

Klaas Jan Nauta*, Koen Toxopeus, E. M.W.Marelise Eekhoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A 71-year-old male was admitted to our hospital with heart failure, cachexia and biochemical disturbances due to a diet consisting of exclusively vegetables, oil and water. Our investigations showed that this diet was a consequence of an excessive preoccupation with health. The patient did not meet criteria for an eating disorder or other DSM-IV psychiatric disorder. We conclude that malnutrition due to health fad diets may be an underestimated medical problem. There is no specific psychopathological disorder that covers this behaviour, and there is no knowledge of its epidemiology. Popular literature is paying a great deal attention to orthorexia nervosa, an alleged eating disorder that describes a pathological obsession with healthy food. In medical literature this concept has been largely neglected, although eating disorder specialists frequently observe this behaviour in their practice. More clinical and scientific attention for this phenomenon is necessary to determine its epidemiology, validity and clinical picture.

Original languageDutch
Article numberA9164
JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Volume160
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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