Previous studies indicate that the low maximum rate of oxygen consumption (VO2max) of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients is not because of impaired pump function of the heart. We hypothesize that VO2 during maximum exercise is determined by the total oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle. VO2max of six controls and 14 CHF patients, New York Heart Association class I-III, was determined using an incremental bicycle ergometer test. Cryostat sections of a biopsy from the quadriceps femoris muscle were incubated for succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) using quantitative histochemistry. VO2max (range: 29 ml O2 kg muscle(-1) min(-1) in a class III patient to 118 ml O2 kg muscle(-1) min(-1) in a control subject) correlates with the mean SDH activity of skeletal muscle fibres (r=0.79 or r=0.81, including or excluding oxygen uptake at rest, respectively; P<0.001). The relationship between VO2max and SDH activity is similar to that determined previously using isolated single muscle fibres and myocardial trabeculae under hyperoxic conditions. From the product of SDH activity and the cross-sectional area of the fibre (i.e. spatially integrated SDH activity), it is possible to calculate the maximum oxygen uptake rate per unit muscle fibre length. This uptake rate is linearly related to the number of capillaries per fibre (r=0.76, P<0.001) in all subjects, suggesting that oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle fibres in CHF patients decreases in proportion to the oxygen supply capacity of the microcirculation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2003|