Medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy for valgus tibial deformities: good clinical results and survival with a mean 4.5 years of follow-up in 113 patients

W. A. M. van Lieshout, B. J. T. van Ginneken, G. M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, R. J. van Heerwaarden

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Abstract

Purpose: A varus-producing medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy (MCWHTO) is an uncommon procedure. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the survivorship and prevalence of post-operative subjective knee laxity and satisfaction in a large cohort of patients with a MCWHTO performed without a MCL-reefing procedure. Methods: All patients (n = 176) who underwent a MCWHTO in our clinic between 2008 and 2016 were approached to participate. After review of patient charts, questionnaires were sent to willingly patients. Primary outcome was the survivorship of the MCWHTO; secondary outcome was patient-reported instability and satisfaction. Results: One-hundred and thirteen patients participated in the study. The 5-year survival rate of the MCWHTO was almost 80%. A total of 77% of the patients was satisfied with the treatment. With regard to post-operative subjective knee laxity, 26% of the patients experienced instability of the knee post-operation. Instability was significantly correlated with the KOOS domains, the Lysholm score, the IKDC knee function score and the Physical and Mental Health Domains of the SF-36. Conclusion: Medial closing wedge high tibial osteotomy provides good results regarding survivorship and patient satisfaction for patients with a valgus deformity which is located in the proximal tibia. Clinically relevant is that in the surgical technique without MCL-reefplasty instability is significantly correlated with worse patient-reported outcome measures. The addition of a MCL reefing procedure will improve outcome in selected patients. Level of evidence: III.
Original languageEnglish
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Mar 2019

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