Medical students' gender awareness: Construction of the Nijmegen gender awareness in medicine scale (N-GAMS)

Petra Verdonk*, Yvonne W.M. Benschop, Hanneke C.J.M. De Haes, Toine L.M. Lagro-Janssen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Gender awareness in medicine consists of two attitudinal components: gender sensitivity and gender-role ideology. In this article, the development of a scale to measure these attitudes in Dutch medical students is described. After a pilot study and a feasibility study, 393 medical students in The Netherlands responded to a preliminary instrument consisting of 82 items (response rate 61.3%). Reliability and validity were established. A gender awareness scale containing a gender sensitivity subscale (14 items), and gender stereotypes towards patients (11 items) as well as towards doctors (7 items) was developed. The instrument may be used for research purposes to evaluate gender awareness raising courses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-234
Number of pages13
JournalSex Roles
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2008

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