Mendelian randomization implies no direct causal association between leukocyte telomere length and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Yixin Gao, Ting Wang, Xinghao Yu, Raffaele Ferrari, Dena G. Hernandez, Michael A. Nalls, Jonathan D. Rohrer, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, John B.J. Kwok, Carol Dobson-Stone, William S. Brooks, Peter R. Schofield, Glenda M. Halliday, John R. Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Lauren Bartley, Elizabeth Thompson, Eric Haan, Isabel Hernández, Agustín RuizMercè Boada, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Carlos Cruchaga, Nigel J. Cairns, Luisa Benussi, Giuliano Binetti, Roberta Ghidoni, Gianluigi Forloni, Diego Albani, Daniela Galimberti, Chiara Fenoglio, Maria Serpente, Elio Scarpini, Jordi Clarimón, Alberto Lleó, Rafael Blesa, Maria Landqvist Waldö, Karin Nilsson, Christer Nilsson, Ian R.A. Mackenzie, Ging Yuek R. Hsiung, David M.A. Mann, Jordan Grafman, Christopher M. Morris, Johannes Attems, Timothy D. Griffiths, Ian G. McKeith, Alan J. Thomas, Pietro Pietrini, Edward D. Huey, Eric M. Wassermann, Atik Baborie, Evelyn Jaros, Michael C. Tierney, Pau Pastor, Cristina Razquin, Sara Ortega-Cubero, Elena Alonso, Robert Perneczky, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Panagiotis Alexopoulos, Alexander Kurz, Innocenzo Rainero, Elisa Rubino, Lorenzo Pinessi, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Peter St George-Hyslop, Giacomina Rossi, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Giorgio Giaccone, James B. Rowe, Johannes C.M. Schlachetzki, James Uphill, John Collinge, Simon Mead, Adrian Danek, Vivianna M. Van Deerlin, Murray Grossman, John Q. Trojanowski, Julie van der Zee, Marc Cruts, Christine Van Broeckhoven, Stefano F. Cappa, Isabelle Leber, Didier Hannequin, Véronique Golfier, Martine Vercelletto, Alexis Brice, Benedetta Nacmias, Sandro Sorbi, Silvia Bagnoli, Irene Piaceri, Jørgen E. Nielsen, Lena E. Hjermind, Matthias Riemenschneider, Manuel Mayhaus, Bernd Ibach, Gilles Gasparoni, Sabrina Pichler, Wei Gu, Martin N. Rossor, Nick C. Fox, Jason D. Warren, Maria Grazia Spillantini, Huw R. Morris, Patrizia Rizzu, Peter Heutink, Julie S. Snowden, Sara Rollinson, Anna Richardson, Alexander Gerhard, Amalia C. Bruni, Raffaele Maletta, Francesca Frangipane, Chiara Cupidi, Livia Bernardi, Maria Anfossi, Maura Gallo, Maria Elena Conidi, Nicoletta Smirne, Rosa Rademakers, Matt Baker, Dennis W. Dickson, Neill R. Graff-Radford, Ronald C. Petersen, David Knopman, Keith A. Josephs, Bradley F. Boeve, Joseph E. Parisi, William W. Seeley, Bruce L. Miller, Anna M. Karydas, Howard Rosen, John C. van Swieten, Elise G.P. Dopper, Harro Seelaar, Yolande A.L. Pijnenburg, Philip Scheltens, Giancarlo Logroscino, Rosa Capozzo, Valeria Novelli, Annibale A. Puca, Massimo Franceschi, Alfredo Postiglione, Graziella Milan, Paolo Sorrentino, Mark Kristiansen, Huei Hsin Chiang, Caroline Graff, Florence Pasquier, Adeline Rollin, Vincent Deramecourt, Thibaud Lebouvier, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, Luigi Ferrucci, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Andrew B. Singleton, John Hardy, Parastoo Momeni, Huashuo Zhao*, Ping Zeng, International FTD-Genomics Consortium (IFGC)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We employed Mendelian randomization (MR) to evaluate the causal relationship between leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with summary statistics from genome-wide association studies (n = ~ 38,000 for LTL and ~ 81,000 for ALS in the European population; n = ~ 23,000 for LTL and ~ 4,100 for ALS in the Asian population). We further evaluated mediation roles of lipids in the pathway from LTL to ALS. The odds ratio per standard deviation decrease of LTL on ALS was 1.10 (95% CI 0.93–1.31, p = 0.274) in the European population and 0.75 (95% CI 0.53–1.07, p = 0.116) in the Asian population. This null association was also detected between LTL and frontotemporal dementia in the European population. However, we found that an indirect effect of LTL on ALS might be mediated by low density lipoprotein (LDL) or total cholesterol (TC) in the European population. These results were robust against extensive sensitivity analyses. Overall, our MR study did not support the direct causal association between LTL and the ALS risk in neither population, but provided suggestive evidence for the mediation role of LDL or TC on the influence of LTL and ALS in the European population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12184
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

Cite this

Gao, Y., Wang, T., Yu, X., Ferrari, R., Hernandez, D. G., Nalls, M. A., ... International FTD-Genomics Consortium (IFGC) (2020). Mendelian randomization implies no direct causal association between leukocyte telomere length and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Scientific Reports, 10(1), [12184]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68848-9