“Mental retirement?” trajectories of work engagement preceding retirement among older workers

Astrid De Wind, Fenna R.M. Leijten, Trynke Hoekstra, Goedele A. Geuskens, Alex Burdorf, Allard J. Van Der Beek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as “mental retirement”. However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55–62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study. Participants completed questionnaires in 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. Latent class growth mixture modeling was performed to identify groups of employees with similar three-year trajectories in work engagement. Logistic regression analyses were performed to study whether trajectory membership was associated with retirement. Results Of the 3171 employees, 16.2% made a transition from work to (early) retirement (N=513). Four trajectories of work engagement were identified: steady high (76.3%), steady low (12.7%), decreasing (6.2%), and increasing (4.8%). A steady low work engagement trajectory was associated with retirement [odds ratio (OR) 1.46], compared to a steady high work engagement trajectory. Although not statistically significant, an increasing work engagement trajectory seemed to be associated with retirement as well (OR 1.60). Conclusions This study did not support the concept of mental retirement before actual retirement, ie, a decrease in work engagement among those facing retirement. However, as one in eight employees did experience steady low work engagement in the years before retirement, interventions promoting work motivation are recommended to support the employability of these employees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-41
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this

@article{4460d3167a8b415aa5339d7a2365e404,
title = "“Mental retirement?” trajectories of work engagement preceding retirement among older workers",
abstract = "Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as “mental retirement”. However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55–62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study. Participants completed questionnaires in 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. Latent class growth mixture modeling was performed to identify groups of employees with similar three-year trajectories in work engagement. Logistic regression analyses were performed to study whether trajectory membership was associated with retirement. Results Of the 3171 employees, 16.2{\%} made a transition from work to (early) retirement (N=513). Four trajectories of work engagement were identified: steady high (76.3{\%}), steady low (12.7{\%}), decreasing (6.2{\%}), and increasing (4.8{\%}). A steady low work engagement trajectory was associated with retirement [odds ratio (OR) 1.46], compared to a steady high work engagement trajectory. Although not statistically significant, an increasing work engagement trajectory seemed to be associated with retirement as well (OR 1.60). Conclusions This study did not support the concept of mental retirement before actual retirement, ie, a decrease in work engagement among those facing retirement. However, as one in eight employees did experience steady low work engagement in the years before retirement, interventions promoting work motivation are recommended to support the employability of these employees.",
keywords = "Ageing, Employability, Employee, Employment, Latent class growth mixture modeling, LCGMM, Longitudinal study, Work motivation",
author = "{De Wind}, Astrid and Leijten, {Fenna R.M.} and Trynke Hoekstra and Geuskens, {Goedele A.} and Alex Burdorf and {Van Der Beek}, {Allard J.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.5271/sjweh.3604",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "34--41",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health",
issn = "0355-3140",
publisher = "Finnish Institute of Occupational Health",
number = "1",

}

“Mental retirement?” trajectories of work engagement preceding retirement among older workers. / De Wind, Astrid; Leijten, Fenna R.M.; Hoekstra, Trynke; Geuskens, Goedele A.; Burdorf, Alex; Van Der Beek, Allard J.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2017, p. 34-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - “Mental retirement?” trajectories of work engagement preceding retirement among older workers

AU - De Wind, Astrid

AU - Leijten, Fenna R.M.

AU - Hoekstra, Trynke

AU - Geuskens, Goedele A.

AU - Burdorf, Alex

AU - Van Der Beek, Allard J.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as “mental retirement”. However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55–62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study. Participants completed questionnaires in 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. Latent class growth mixture modeling was performed to identify groups of employees with similar three-year trajectories in work engagement. Logistic regression analyses were performed to study whether trajectory membership was associated with retirement. Results Of the 3171 employees, 16.2% made a transition from work to (early) retirement (N=513). Four trajectories of work engagement were identified: steady high (76.3%), steady low (12.7%), decreasing (6.2%), and increasing (4.8%). A steady low work engagement trajectory was associated with retirement [odds ratio (OR) 1.46], compared to a steady high work engagement trajectory. Although not statistically significant, an increasing work engagement trajectory seemed to be associated with retirement as well (OR 1.60). Conclusions This study did not support the concept of mental retirement before actual retirement, ie, a decrease in work engagement among those facing retirement. However, as one in eight employees did experience steady low work engagement in the years before retirement, interventions promoting work motivation are recommended to support the employability of these employees.

AB - Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as “mental retirement”. However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55–62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study. Participants completed questionnaires in 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013. Latent class growth mixture modeling was performed to identify groups of employees with similar three-year trajectories in work engagement. Logistic regression analyses were performed to study whether trajectory membership was associated with retirement. Results Of the 3171 employees, 16.2% made a transition from work to (early) retirement (N=513). Four trajectories of work engagement were identified: steady high (76.3%), steady low (12.7%), decreasing (6.2%), and increasing (4.8%). A steady low work engagement trajectory was associated with retirement [odds ratio (OR) 1.46], compared to a steady high work engagement trajectory. Although not statistically significant, an increasing work engagement trajectory seemed to be associated with retirement as well (OR 1.60). Conclusions This study did not support the concept of mental retirement before actual retirement, ie, a decrease in work engagement among those facing retirement. However, as one in eight employees did experience steady low work engagement in the years before retirement, interventions promoting work motivation are recommended to support the employability of these employees.

KW - Ageing

KW - Employability

KW - Employee

KW - Employment

KW - Latent class growth mixture modeling

KW - LCGMM

KW - Longitudinal study

KW - Work motivation

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U2 - 10.5271/sjweh.3604

DO - 10.5271/sjweh.3604

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 34

EP - 41

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health

SN - 0355-3140

IS - 1

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