Microscopic colitis (MC) is viewed as an umbrella term applicable to both lymphocytic and collagenous colitis. The first case was published in 1976, a new entity of chronic watery diarrhea with lymphocytic colitis, with or without a subepithelial collagen deposition. Patients are usually middle-aged women, and the pathogenesis is unknown. The response to steroids and the female predominance underlines an autoimmune disease. Up to 40% NSAID and lanzoprazole-induced MC are well-known. Biopsies during sigmoidoscopy in unexplained diarrhea must be standard. Treatment is empirical. The most important step is to ban all NSAIDs and other MC inducing agents. Immunosuppressive treatment must be considered. However, the disease has a benign course and sometimes is selflimiting.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Romanian Journal of Gastroenterology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2004|