Modeled and Perceived Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields from Mobile-Phone Base Stations and the Development of Symptoms over Time in a General Population Cohort

Astrid L. Martens, Pauline Slottje, Danielle R.M. Timmermans, Hans Kromhout, Marije Reedijk, Roel C.H. Vermeulen, Tjabe Smid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We assessed associations between modeled and perceived exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from mobile-phone base stations and the development of nonspecific symptoms and sleep disturbances over time. A population-based Dutch cohort study, the Occupational and Environmental Health Cohort Study (AMIGO) (n = 14,829; ages 31-65 years), was established in 2011/2012 (T0), with follow-up of a subgroup (n = 3,992 invited) in 2013 (T1; n = 2,228) and 2014 (T2; n = 1,740). We modeled far-field RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations at the home addresses of the participants using a 3-dimensional geospatial model (NISMap). Perceived exposure (0 = not at all; 6 = very much), nonspecific symptoms, and sleep disturbances were assessed by questionnaire. We performed cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, including fixed-effects regression. We found small correlations between modeled and perceived exposure in AMIGO participants at baseline (n = 14,309; rSpearman = 0.10). For 222 follow-up participants, modeled exposure increased substantially (>0.030 mW/m2) between T0 and T1. This increase in modeled exposure was associated with an increase in perceived exposure during the same time period. In contrast to modeled RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations, perceived exposure was associated with higher symptom reporting scores in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, as well as with sleep disturbances in cross-sectional analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-219
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume186
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this

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title = "Modeled and Perceived Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields from Mobile-Phone Base Stations and the Development of Symptoms over Time in a General Population Cohort",
abstract = "We assessed associations between modeled and perceived exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from mobile-phone base stations and the development of nonspecific symptoms and sleep disturbances over time. A population-based Dutch cohort study, the Occupational and Environmental Health Cohort Study (AMIGO) (n = 14,829; ages 31-65 years), was established in 2011/2012 (T0), with follow-up of a subgroup (n = 3,992 invited) in 2013 (T1; n = 2,228) and 2014 (T2; n = 1,740). We modeled far-field RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations at the home addresses of the participants using a 3-dimensional geospatial model (NISMap). Perceived exposure (0 = not at all; 6 = very much), nonspecific symptoms, and sleep disturbances were assessed by questionnaire. We performed cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, including fixed-effects regression. We found small correlations between modeled and perceived exposure in AMIGO participants at baseline (n = 14,309; rSpearman = 0.10). For 222 follow-up participants, modeled exposure increased substantially (>0.030 mW/m2) between T0 and T1. This increase in modeled exposure was associated with an increase in perceived exposure during the same time period. In contrast to modeled RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations, perceived exposure was associated with higher symptom reporting scores in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, as well as with sleep disturbances in cross-sectional analyses.",
keywords = "Cell phones, Geospatial model, Mobile-phone base stations, Nonspecific symptoms, Perceived exposure, Prospective cohort studies, Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, Sleep disturbances",
author = "Martens, {Astrid L.} and Pauline Slottje and Timmermans, {Danielle R.M.} and Hans Kromhout and Marije Reedijk and Vermeulen, {Roel C.H.} and Tjabe Smid",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1093/aje/kwx041",
language = "English",
volume = "186",
pages = "210--219",
journal = "American Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0002-9262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

Modeled and Perceived Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields from Mobile-Phone Base Stations and the Development of Symptoms over Time in a General Population Cohort. / Martens, Astrid L.; Slottje, Pauline; Timmermans, Danielle R.M.; Kromhout, Hans; Reedijk, Marije; Vermeulen, Roel C.H.; Smid, Tjabe.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 186, No. 2, 2017, p. 210-219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeled and Perceived Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields from Mobile-Phone Base Stations and the Development of Symptoms over Time in a General Population Cohort

AU - Martens, Astrid L.

AU - Slottje, Pauline

AU - Timmermans, Danielle R.M.

AU - Kromhout, Hans

AU - Reedijk, Marije

AU - Vermeulen, Roel C.H.

AU - Smid, Tjabe

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - We assessed associations between modeled and perceived exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from mobile-phone base stations and the development of nonspecific symptoms and sleep disturbances over time. A population-based Dutch cohort study, the Occupational and Environmental Health Cohort Study (AMIGO) (n = 14,829; ages 31-65 years), was established in 2011/2012 (T0), with follow-up of a subgroup (n = 3,992 invited) in 2013 (T1; n = 2,228) and 2014 (T2; n = 1,740). We modeled far-field RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations at the home addresses of the participants using a 3-dimensional geospatial model (NISMap). Perceived exposure (0 = not at all; 6 = very much), nonspecific symptoms, and sleep disturbances were assessed by questionnaire. We performed cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, including fixed-effects regression. We found small correlations between modeled and perceived exposure in AMIGO participants at baseline (n = 14,309; rSpearman = 0.10). For 222 follow-up participants, modeled exposure increased substantially (>0.030 mW/m2) between T0 and T1. This increase in modeled exposure was associated with an increase in perceived exposure during the same time period. In contrast to modeled RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations, perceived exposure was associated with higher symptom reporting scores in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, as well as with sleep disturbances in cross-sectional analyses.

AB - We assessed associations between modeled and perceived exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from mobile-phone base stations and the development of nonspecific symptoms and sleep disturbances over time. A population-based Dutch cohort study, the Occupational and Environmental Health Cohort Study (AMIGO) (n = 14,829; ages 31-65 years), was established in 2011/2012 (T0), with follow-up of a subgroup (n = 3,992 invited) in 2013 (T1; n = 2,228) and 2014 (T2; n = 1,740). We modeled far-field RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations at the home addresses of the participants using a 3-dimensional geospatial model (NISMap). Perceived exposure (0 = not at all; 6 = very much), nonspecific symptoms, and sleep disturbances were assessed by questionnaire. We performed cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, including fixed-effects regression. We found small correlations between modeled and perceived exposure in AMIGO participants at baseline (n = 14,309; rSpearman = 0.10). For 222 follow-up participants, modeled exposure increased substantially (>0.030 mW/m2) between T0 and T1. This increase in modeled exposure was associated with an increase in perceived exposure during the same time period. In contrast to modeled RF-EMF exposure from mobile-phone base stations, perceived exposure was associated with higher symptom reporting scores in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, as well as with sleep disturbances in cross-sectional analyses.

KW - Cell phones

KW - Geospatial model

KW - Mobile-phone base stations

KW - Nonspecific symptoms

KW - Perceived exposure

KW - Prospective cohort studies

KW - Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

KW - Sleep disturbances

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U2 - 10.1093/aje/kwx041

DO - 10.1093/aje/kwx041

M3 - Article

VL - 186

SP - 210

EP - 219

JO - American Journal of Epidemiology

JF - American Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 2

ER -