Multi-ancestry study of blood lipid levels identifies four loci interacting with physical activity

Tuomas O. Kilpeläinen, Amy R. Bentley, Raymond Noordam, Yun Ju Sung, Karen Schwander, Thomas W. Winkler, Hermina Jakupović, Daniel I. Chasman, Alisa Manning, Ioanna Ntalla, Hugues Aschard, Michael R. Brown, Lisa de las Fuentes, Nora Franceschini, Xiuqing Guo, Dina Vojinovic, Stella Aslibekyan, Mary F. Feitosa, Minjung Kho, Solomon K. MusaniMelissa Richard, Heming Wang, Zhe Wang, Traci M. Bartz, Lawrence F. Bielak, Archie Campbell, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Virginia Fisher, Fernando P. Hartwig, Andrea R. V. R. Horimoto, Changwei Li, Kurt K. Lohman, Jonathan Marten, Xueling Sim, Albert V. Smith, Salman M. Tajuddin, Maris Alver, Marzyeh Amini, Mathilde Boissel, Jin Fang Chai, Xu Chen, Jasmin Divers, Evangelos Evangelou, Chuan Gao, Mariaelisa Graff, Sarah E. Harris, Meian He, Yuri Milaneschi, Jian-Min Yuan, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx, Lifelines Cohort Study, David R. Weir, Paul W. Franks, Jerome I. Rotter, Charles B. Kooperberg, W. James Gauderman, Bruce M. Psaty, Kenneth M. Rice, Patricia B. Munroe, Myriam Fornage, L. Adrienne Cupples, Charles N. Rotimi, Alanna C. Morrison, Dabeeru C. Rao, Ruth J. F. Loos

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Many genetic loci affect circulating lipid levels, but it remains unknown whether lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, modify these genetic effects. To identify lipid loci interacting with physical activity, we performed genome-wide analyses of circulating HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels in up to 120,979 individuals of European, African, Asian, Hispanic, and Brazilian ancestry, with follow-up of suggestive associations in an additional 131,012 individuals. We find four loci, in/near CLASP1, LHX1, SNTA1, and CNTNAP2, that are associated with circulating lipid levels through interaction with physical activity; higher levels of physical activity enhance the HDL cholesterol-increasing effects of the CLASP1, LHX1, and SNTA1 loci and attenuate the LDL cholesterol-increasing effect of the CNTNAP2 locus. The CLASP1, LHX1, and SNTA1 regions harbor genes linked to muscle function and lipid metabolism. Our results elucidate the role of physical activity interactions in the genetic contribution to blood lipid levels.
Original languageEnglish
Article number376
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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