Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) has a beneficial influence on the course of multiple sclerosis (MS) and has become standard treatment of this disease, though its mechanisms of action are incompletely understood. This study examines the effect of IFN-beta treatment on the cytokines IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and IL-10; the metalloproteinases MMP-3, -7 and -9 and the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1). IFN-beta treatment resulted in decreased numbers of mononuclear cells (MNC) secreting IL-6 and TNF-alpha and expressing mRNA of MMP-3 and MMP-9 compared to pretreatment levels. On the contrary, numbers of IL-10 secreting MNC and TIMP-1 mRNA expressing were augmented during IFN-beta therapy. Whether the down-regulatory effects on pro-inflammatory and upregulatory effects on anti-inflammatory molecules are a direct result of IFN-beta on the immune system or secondary to clinical stabilization of MS pathology induced by IFN-beta remains to be evaluated.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroimmunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2000|