Multiplex real-time NASBA for monitoring expression dynamics of human cytomegalovirus encoded IE1 and pp67 RNA

Astrid E Greijer, Henriëtte M A Adriaanse, Chantal A J Dekkers, Jaap M Middeldorp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The monitoring for HCMV mRNA expression in whole blood provides an accurate and informative diagnostic approach.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: A multiplex real-time NASBA with three molecular beacons (MR-NASBA) was developed for the simultaneous detection and quantification of HCMV-encoded immediate early-1 (IE1) and late pp67 mRNA. The assay was evaluated using RNA from in vitro HCMV-infected cells and sequential whole blood samples (100 microl) of HCMV infected lung transplant recipients.

RESULTS: The MR-NASBA showed equal performance compared with standard NASBA assays (sensitivity of 1-3 x 10(3) RNA molecules in 100 microl blood and a linear range of 10(3)-10(6) RNA molecules). The standard IE1 Q-RNA provides a reliable internal system control. No interference was observed between the individual beacon signals. The simultaneous 'one-tube' quantification of IE1-RNA levels combined with qualitative detection of pp67-RNA is feasible without loss of assay performance in clinical whole blood specimens. CONCLUSION AND COMMENTS: MR-NASBA may be suitable for monitoring HCMV-activity in transplant recipients to aid in fine-tuning of antiviral intervention in high risk populations employing a traffic light diagnostic approach: no HCMV RNA signal (green light: safe) reflects absent or fully latent infection requiring no antiviral intervention; an 'IE1-RNA only' signal (yellow light: alert) indicates an emerging or subclinical active infection, opting for preemptive treatment in high risk populations; simultaneous 'IE1-RNA plus pp67-RNA' detection (red light:danger) indicates disseminating productive infection requiring immediate antiviral treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume24
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002

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